Causes of heavy bleeding with monthly clots


The nature of menstruation varies for different reasons: the effect of hormonal levels, the state of health and the individual characteristics of the organism. The explanation of why the period comes with clots, often a serious pathology. It is necessary to react to the appearance of non-characteristic signs in a timely manner. Especially in cases when, in addition to unusual discharge, accompanying symptoms appear. Find out the causes of heavy periods with clots should gynecologist. Self-medication can cause a number of complications.

Abundant monthly

Phenomena, when in one menstruation blood loss is more than 150 ml, in gynecology they call hypermenorrhea. Such changes are sometimes considered a normal condition, but are often a sign of illness or hormonal disorders in the body.

Menstruation is not always the same. Often, women notice a change in the color of menstrual flow, their consistency and volume. In the blood, peculiar clumps can be seen, and bleeding is not excluded.

The appearance of hypermenorrhea is sometimes caused by the development of pathological processes. A prolonged period of menstruation and excessively heavy blood discharge, as well as menstruation with clots, which are observed throughout all critical days, should be alerted.

In this case, a visit to the doctor to postpone is strictly prohibited.

Distinctive features of the anomalous process:

  • consumes more than 10 pads per day,
  • menstruation goes by numerous blood clots,
  • menstruation takes more than seven days
  • abundant discharge appeared after intimacy,
  • deteriorated general condition
  • there was pain in the abdomen,
  • there are abundant periods after a delay, irregular cycle.

When at least one of these signs appears, it is necessary to be examined by a gynecologist. Ignoring such disturbing changes in the body is strongly discouraged.

Why do menstruations go in clots and abundantly

The causes of menstruation with blood clots are natural and pathological. Their appearance may indicate an inflammatory process in the genitourinary system, ovarian dysfunction, uterine pathology, and ectopic pregnancy. Such changes in the nature of discharge are sometimes the result of abortive measures, postponed stress, or severe depression. Independently find out why the monthly go clots, it is impossible. In any case, you need medical advice.

Endometrial pathology

Very abundant secretions are the result of hormonal disorders or abortive measures in which the endometrial layer is damaged, changes in its development and structure occur. There is a thickening and uneven exfoliation of the mucous membranes. As a result - intense menstruation with clots.


The cause of heavy periods with clots is often hidden in the development of endometriosis, in which the volume of the endometrium in the uterus increases significantly. After a time, its germination in the region of the peritoneum, ovaries, cervix and tubes is noted. This increases the amount of blood lost during menstruation. The cycle is broken, it becomes irregular. In the case of the presence of this pathology, there are abundant periods, which contain particles of already destroyed tissues.

Uterine myoma

This is a pathology of the uterus, in which a benign tumor forms in the muscles of its walls, expanding towards the outer shells. When the cavity is filled, reproductive disorders are observed. Due to compression, stretching of the organ and damage to the blood vessels, there is heavy bleeding during menstruation. With uterine myoma, the exit into the cervix is ​​blocked, thrombi are formed. Symptoms such as nagging pain in the lower abdomen, an increase in its size and heavy menstruation with clots appear.

Intrauterine device

Intensively flowing menstruation with clots can provoke an established intrauterine device. It creates a mechanical barrier to the release of blood discharge. Clots are part of fertilized eggs, which contraception is not allowed to gain a foothold in the uterus.

If as a result of the use of the spiral began to be observed abundant and painful periods, it is recommended to remove it. Most likely, rejection occurs, which means that it is worth choosing another method to prevent pregnancy.

Pathology of blood clotting

Severe bleeding during menstruation is sometimes caused by bleeding disorders. In the process of rejection of the endometrium in the uterus, a large wound is formed, which provokes too heavy discharge every month.

If the process of blood clotting proceeds normally, then the volume of menstruation does not increase, and critical days are completed in due time. Long periods can occur with von Willebrand disease, a decrease in platelet concentration and a shortage of vitamin K in the body.

Abundant periods after a delay may indicate spontaneous miscarriage. Pregnancy is often interrupted even before the start of critical days, and accordingly, the woman does not even suspect that she was in an interesting position, but notices that there have been very heavy menstruation. The clots in this case are the detached shell of the fetus.

When miscarriages, the integrity of the mucous membranes is broken due to a sharp rejection of the fertilized egg, and the body does not have time to prepare for this. For this reason, women note that after a delay, heavy bleeding has gone.

After a couple of cycles, menstruation becomes normal. If this does not happen, you need medical help. Such disorders indicate poor healing of the resulting wounds. Tissue repair takes too long, the beginning of the inflammatory process, scarring of tissues, due to which the plasticity of the uterus is reduced, and carrying the child in the future will be problematic.

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding

Monthly clots may be dysfunctional uterine bleeding. This pathological process is manifested against the background of hormonal failure. In most cases, it affects women over the age of 45.

In adolescents, such cycle disorders are due to an incompletely formed reproductive function. Closer to adulthood, the stabilization of menstruation occurs, and dysfunctional bleeding no longer bother. Stress, excessive overwork, lack of or excess of vitamins can provoke the appearance of this pathology.

In reproductive age, uterine dysfunctional bleeding is caused by inflammatory processes in the urogenital system, frequent abortive measures, disruptions in the activity of the endocrine system, and neurosis.

Regardless of age, hormonal dysfunction of the ovaries can cause bleeding.

In the premenopausal period, when the reproductive functions begin to gradually fade, uterine bleeding is also possible.

Treatment before admission to the gynecologist

There are several ways to stop heavy periods with clots. It is possible to use not only medical preparations, but also traditional medicine. If previously during the menstrual period such violations were not observed, these changes appeared for the first time, then it will be possible to normalize menstruation and reduce blood loss at home.

There are such medications to stop heavy periods:

  1. Tranexam. The drug is available not only in the form of tablets, but also a solution intended for intravenous administration (jet and drip). The appointment of droppers resort in cases where the life of a woman in danger.
  2. Ditsinon. The medicine can be purchased in the form of tablets and ampoules, which are administered intravenously and intramuscularly. With its help it is possible to increase the stability of the capillaries. With the introduction of blood effect is noticeable after only 10 minutes.
  3. Vikasol. Sold as an intramuscular solution and in the form of tablets. It is possible to completely stop the bleeding within five days from the beginning of the use of the drug.

It is possible to treat profuse bleeding with the help of traditional medicine. Among the most effective of them are the following:

  1. Wild strawberry. The leaves of the plant need to chop and pour boiling water, then insist at least five hours. Broth drink with heavy periods of one tablespoon per day.
  2. Nettle. About 50 grams of fresh sheets are poured with hot, but not boiling water and insist for several hours. The tool should be taken in small portions throughout the day.
  3. Horsetail. Crushed raw materials need to pour boiling water and drink a tablespoon with an interval of two hours.

If heavy menstruation with clots appear repeatedly, then it is not recommended to take means to stop the bleeding at home. In this case, you need the help of a doctor.

Only after diagnosing and identifying the causes of these disorders will it be possible to prescribe the optimal course of therapy.

The appearance of heavy menstruation with clots is not always a sign of pathology. In some cases, considered normal. Despite this, it is worth making an appointment with a gynecologist and together with him to identify the cause of changes in the body.