Women's cotton bleed


  • White lumps in the vagina: what to do?
  • How to determine the cause of unpleasant odors and vaginal discharge
  • What is the reason for the smell from the vagina

What do they say white lumps of the vagina

If the underwear is stained with white lumps of the vagina, in appearance resembling cottage cheese, we are talking about thrush, or vaginal candidiasis. This disease most often affects the genitals, and its development causes the Candida pathogenic fungus.

In a healthy person, various fungi and bacteria can be found, but they are activated as the immune system weakens. The presence of vaginal discharge is normal, but only if it is transparent, does not have a dense texture, a strange color and an unpleasant smell.

Pathogens accumulate on the mucous membrane of the vagina by so-called colonies and, in addition to producing new spores, release toxic substances.

These dangerous products of fungal activity are not just annoying the delicate vaginal mucosa. They are able to completely violate its integrity as well as the skin of the external genital organs. Thus, every day the symptoms of thrush are expressed more and more.

How to solve the problem of allocating white lumps and flakes from the vagina?

Treatment for thrush - short-term. The doctor may prescribe tablets for a single or double dose, or candles - suppositories for insertion into the vagina.

In most cases, thrush passes quickly, and only 5% of women had a recurrent or chronic form of the disease. Therapy in this case is difficult, but over time, the disease still retreats. The sour smell of discharge is not always a sign of a disease. In some women, it is a precursor of menstruation.

In order not to provoke the development of the disease or its repeated episodes, women should adhere to certain rules:
• observe personal hygiene, especially during menstruation,
• combine antibiotics with drugs that prevent the development of dysbiosis,
• Wear comfortable underwear made of breathable fabrics.

Lovers to use a lot of sweet should abandon this habit, otherwise the thrush will become, though unwanted, but a regular guest for them. Cases of frequent recurrence of the disease require a visit to an endocrinologist to rule out diabetes mellitus.

As for the nature of thrush, it is not an infectious or sexually transmitted disease. Its development is due only to a violation of the vaginal microflora. It is better to refuse sex life at the time of treatment, but if this recommendation is not observed, it is necessary to use a condom.

Causes of flakes in women

The discharge from a woman speaks directly about her state of health. To date, more than 100 reasons for the change in their quantity, color, texture and smell have been identified. For various reasons, they can cause pain, itching, burning.

It is impossible not to draw attention to the following causes of discharge:

  1. Candida vaginitis, otherwise called thrush, is considered one of the main reasons when discharge is accompanied by white flakes. Curds are not the only symptoms of this disease. In addition, the female genitals become swollen and reddened, the woman is worried about itching and tingling in the genital area, and the clitoris and the space between the small and large labia are covered with a bloom of white. Beli differ unpleasant sourish smell. During intercourse, their foaminess and discomfort with soreness are observed. Many women, having noticed similar symptoms in themselves, start self-treatment, believing that if it is not a venereal disease, then it can be quickly cured. In fact, even though candidiasis does not apply to venereal ailments, it is important to treat it with full seriousness. It is important to know the nature of the occurrence of the fungal pathogen, therefore, without medical assistance in this case it is difficult to do. In addition, since this ailment is sexually transmitted, it is important for both partners to be treated for it at the same time.
  2. Long-term antibiotic therapy with the absence of antifungal drugs adversely affects the vaginal microflora, causing fungi to multiply too quickly and cause thrush.
  3. Taking oral contraceptives changes the hormones of a woman, which may cause the appearance of cotton whiter. In such cases, with the help of a doctor you need to pick up another contraceptive.
  4. Due to pregnancy, there are serious hormonal changes in the woman's body. The growth of progesterone, reduced immunity contribute to the active reproduction of fungi, which in frequent cases leads to inflammatory processes, cheesy discharge, itching and burning.
  5. Trichomoniasis, ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis and other sexually transmitted diseases of the genitourinary system, have thrush-like symptoms. Discharges for such ailments have a cheesy texture and an unpleasant fish smell. If all these unpleasant symptoms are confirmed by the presence of unprotected intercourse, you should immediately seek medical help. After all, any disease is much easier to heal in its early stage. Launched forms of all of the above diseases can negatively affect a woman’s health and lead to infertility.
  6. Diseases of the endocrine system, diabetes mellitus and problems with the thyroid gland can provoke the same manifestations as in candidiasis.
  7. The use of allergenic detergents, tampons, pads or underwear is not of sufficiently good quality.
  8. Inflammatory processes in the cervix.
  9. Menopause.
  • Crayfish.

When is it worth to see a doctor?

As mentioned above, not everything that can be released from the vagina should be alarming if there is no itching and no odorless yellow discharge.

If the discharge flakes accompany itching and burning, you must immediately go to the gynecologist and look for the cause.

Discharges with an unpleasant odor, itching may indicate bacterial vaginitis, gardnerellosis, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, ureaplasma, and other sexually transmitted diseases with similar symptoms of diseases. Therefore, a visit to the doctor in such cases is the wisest decision.


The preventive measures taken on time not only protect the girls from various complications in the genital area, but are also ideal assistants for women in the period of recovery, in the fight against flocculent secretions.

It is very important to listen to the advice of doctors and follow their recommendations:

  • It is important to always maintain the hygiene of your genitals.
  • Douching should be done only according to the recommendations of the gynecologist. Without the need not to resort to this method, because when syringing, all useful microflora that protects against pathogens from the vagina is flushed out of the vagina.
  • In the days associated with menstruation, it is especially important to take care of the hygiene of the intimate zone.
  • From a young age, girls should be trained to wipe private parts from front to back, and not vice versa. This will help avoid the release of pathogens from the rectum.
  • It is necessary to avoid wet and dense clothes, they contribute to an even greater multiplication of fungi, making the discharge of flakes stands out even more.
  • It is undesirable to use feminine hygiene sprays, bath oils, take a hot bath and go to the chlorinated pool.

Each of these points can significantly aggravate an already serious situation.


Every woman should be very serious about her health. It should not leave a calm change in the genitourinary area. Discharges in the form of white flakes should serve as a reason for the visit to the hospital. After all, any possible disease with similar symptoms is much easier to prevent and prevent serious inflammatory processes caused by them. Early access to a doctor is a guarantee of health and quick recovery.

Symptoms and signs of cotton discharge, what could be?

The specificity of female physiology is the close relationship of the functioning of the organs of the genital sphere with the work of the endocrine system and hormonal balance. Normally, a healthy woman in the vaginal area always has a slimy secretion secreted by special glands located on the inside of the vagina and on the cervix. Its main function is to maintain the qualitative composition of the vaginal microflora and prevent the penetration of harmful microorganisms and infectious agents.

The excretion of the physiological vaginal secretion is almost imperceptible for a healthy patient. His marks do not remain on the linen, he does not have a pronounced unpleasant odor and color shade and looks like a transparent mucous discharge. Daily allocation does not exceed 5-8 ml of a secret. On some days of the cycle, for example, on the eve of ovulation or on the threshold of the next menstruation, an increase in the volume of mucus occurs, but it does not change either the consistency or the smell. Discharge from the vagina in a woman who does not have a pathology in the intimate sphere is insignificant, homogeneous, without foreign inclusions, with a transparent mucous consistency and a weakly sour-milk smell. A noticeable change in these characteristics is one of the signs of abnormal vaginal discharge, indicating the development of a gynecological disease.

Normally, flakes from the vagina with or without itching should be necessarily diagnosed for pathology, since In most cases, flakes from the vagina are symptoms of thrush. If there is severe itching and odorless discharge and impurities of pus or mucus, then the problem is not serious, but it still requires treatment. When it is necessary to seek help from a doctor if vaginal discharge with flakes takes several days? Itching and pain in the genital area, itching and pain in the lower abdomen, in the groin or vagina, all these are symptoms of a more serious problem. It is necessary to seek help from a doctor if there is an admixture of pus or mucus in the discharge, if there is a strong pulling or aching pain in the lower abdomen, if there is cramping and pulsating pain in the abdomen, severe acute or cutting pains in the pubic area, genitals.

It is important to be able to distinguish between normal and harmless transparent discharge before menstruation (menstruation) and those that may be the first signs and symptoms of the development of thrush. How to understand that there were dangerous and problematic vaginal discharge? For this, you just need to know what selection should be considered the norm. If the discharge is clear without a strong odor or itching, if there is no discomfort or burning sensation in the vaginal region, severe pain before menstruation (menstruation) and other pathological symptoms, then the discharge can be considered the norm. If the secretions often have muddy mucus, transparent thick or liquid mucous patches, they can also be considered the norm.

The main causes of cotton excretions

Deviations in the nature of secretions from the genital tract, associated with changes in their structure, consistency, color shade and smell are one of the characteristic symptoms of a particular pathology. Selection flakes resembling a curd dairy mass, considered as a sign of the pathological condition of the genital organs. Normal secretion produced by specific glands, helps to clean the inner surface of the vagina from the desquamated epithelial cells, the remaining fragments of menstrual secretions, excess mucus. But the appeared sticky flocculent discharge of white color or with a yellowish tinge, on the contrary, irritates the vaginal mucosa. Therefore, their presence is not the only complaint of the patient in such cases. A woman feels a constant burning sensation inside the vagina, its walls become swollen, with signs of redness and irritation. The same applies to the surface of the external genitalia. White flaky plaque is present on the clitoris, in the region of the small and large labia.

It is characteristic that the occurrence of vaginal flocculent discharge does not depend on the cyclical nature of menstruation, they appear without any periodicity and do not decline, but tend to increase in volume. Along the way, other unpleasant symptoms increase, which prevents normal sexual intercourse. The spread of infection to the urethra leads to painful urination.

Diseases in which there is a discharge with flakes

The pathologically changed nature of vaginal secretions is evidence of the manifestation of an infectious or other inflammatory process that affects the genital organs, and in the first place, the vagina and uterus itself. In a healthy woman, the glands in the cervical region produce a very small amount of secretion, but with a certain pathology, the secreted volume of secretions increases dramatically.

The most common causes of a flaky discharge in a woman include:

1 Pathology of vaginal candidiasis. She is known more under the name "thrush". This is the most common reason for which there is a significant amount of discharge of cheesy-flocculent species with a white patina. In the symptoms of this gynecological disease, there are also uncomfortable sensations inside the vagina in the form of tingling and tingling. Burning and itching is observed in the area of ​​the clitoris, small and large labia, which become swollen, and under the white bloom they clearly show patches of redness of the skin. Discharge abundant in nature and give a sour unpleasant odor. With intimate intimacy, a woman (during sex), in whom such discharge appeared, notes a feeling of pain in the vaginal region due to excessive irritation of its walls. The causative agent of thrush - Candida type fungi. This microorganism is represented by several strains. Some of them may be contained in the conditionally pathogenic flora of the vagina, but under adverse conditions or when they are supplemented with other strains, the number of colonies of the fungus increases dramatically, which manifests itself as whitish secretions with clots and clumps of curdled species.

2 Long-term courses of antibiotic therapy, not accompanied by concomitant use of antifungal agents. This creates conditions for the violation of the composition of the vaginal microflora and a favorable environment for excessive reproduction of fungal organisms, provoking the development of thrush.

3 In some women, flaky discharge occurs when oral contraceptives are used. Incorrectly chosen contraceptive drugs can seriously affect the change in hormonal balance, which adversely affects the vaginal microflora. In such cases, the gynecologist recommends that the woman change the means of contraception, taking into account her individual hormonal parameters.

4 The state of pregnancy is not an exception for the occurrence of candidiasis. On the contrary, hormonal changes in the woman's body, the restructuring of the work of all systems reduces the level of immune protection, and this leads to the activation of pathogenic fungi. Therefore, pregnant women often face the appearance of flocculent discharge.

5 Sexually transmitted infections. A number of pathologies that are caused by specific pathogens, for example, trichomonads, ureoplasmas, mycoplasmas, chlamydia, manifest symptoms similar to candidal. If a woman had unprotected sex, and after some time there are unpleasant manifestations in the form of heavy discharge with white lumps or a curd-like structure with an unpleasant odor, the development of trichomoniasis, ureoplasmosis and other infections can be suspected.

6 Inflammations in the vagina and cervix.

7 Period of menopause, in which there is a change in hormonal parameters.

8 Malignant neoplasms, localized in the fallopian tubes or in the cervix.

Dangerous can also be called thick cheesy discharge.

What can provoke the appearance of white discharge with flakes

There are a number of factors that increase the risk of developing pathologies manifested by flocculent vaginal secretions. Among them:

1 Patient has diabetes. This disease acts as a favorable background for the development of candidiasis, since an elevated level of sugar contributes to the activation of yeast microorganisms and creates a favorable nutrient medium for them.

2 Endocrine pathologies of the thyroid gland, adversely affecting the level of hormones.

3 Using synthetic underwear materials that irritate the external genital area.

4 The use of foams, gels for intimate hygiene.

5 Frequent change of sexual partners and neglect of remedies.

6 Diet, dominated by sweet flour dishes, soda and confectionery.

7 Наличие сопутствующих заболеваний с хроническим течением, которые сильно ослабляют общий и локальный иммунитет.

Do I need to seek medical help if there was an odorless cheesy discharge during pregnancy? Yes, of course, such treatment of candidiasis (thrush) should take place only under the supervision of the attending physician.

To which doctor to contact if itching in the vagina and discharge with odorless flakes

All cases of the appearance of abundant specific vaginal discharge, including with cheesy flakes, should not be left without response. It is important that it be timely. It is not worth the risk to self-medicate and using dubious recommendations. This will only allow the disease to progress. Some women, knowing that candidiasis is not classified as a venereal disease, think that it is enough to buy antifungal suppositories, and the problem of secretions will be solved. But not everything is so simple. It is necessary to determine the strains of fungal microorganisms, and this can be done only by making appropriate tests. It should also be noted that the therapeutic course prescribed to the woman by the gynecologist is also indicated to the sexual partner.

When it is necessary to seek help from a gynecologist if there are signs and symptoms of thrush? Mandatory treatment to the doctor requires a selection of flakes and blood, cotton discharge with severe itching and an unpleasant smell from the vagina, from the genital area. Itching and white odorless discharge are harmless only when there is no lower abdominal pain. If white cheesy discharge and itching often or periodically appear after ovulation, before menstruation or after menstruation, if there is cheesy discharge with a sour smell, then you should also consult a doctor and carry out the necessary diagnosis.

When can you not seek help from a doctor if there is a discharge with flakes, but without an unpleasant or offensive smell? When you can treat the discharge of flakes from women alone at home. If a woman has already encountered candidiasis (thrush) and at the moment she simply has an aggravation of the fungal infection, then treatment of secretions with flakes at home is acceptable. The only thing that should be considered in order to properly and effectively treat the discharge with odorless flakes at home, at home, is that in the treatment of thrush some drugs can be addictive. That is why candidiasis is recommended to be treated under the supervision of a physician.


Vaginitis is accompanied by swelling of the vagina. Usually the presence of harmful elements that cause it does not pose a threat to health, as they are controlled by other beneficial microorganisms. As a rule, they are restrained by the body's immune system, the natural bacterial flora of the body, and the homeostatic control of maintaining the body's pH values ​​within normal levels.

A failure in their normal development can occur under the influence of one of the following factors or a combination of them over a long period:

  • allergies to cleaning products hygiene,
  • allergies to underwear of poor quality,
  • pelvic inflammatory disease,
  • surgical removal of the ovaries,
  • allergies to tampons and pads,
  • cancer,
  • menopause,
  • excessive secretion of sweat glands,
  • foreign objects in the vagina,
  • inflammation of the cervix.

Antibiotics and other medications that reduce immunity, aggravate the development of thrush.

The most frequent manifestations

The signs or symptoms of vaginal candidiasis can be different for each woman. Most often worried:

  • itching in the vagina (it is worth considering that there can be many reasons)
  • irritation,
  • skin redness
  • painful urination,
  • white flakes in the vagina.

The latter may be a yellowish tint, with a texture close to the curd, and not have a special smell. Sexual intercourse can be painful, as well as entry into the vagina, because in a diseased condition it will be overdried and inflamed.

With complications and in advanced cases, the infection can spread to the inner thighs, labia and even the anus.

Factors leading to itching

Excessive washing, especially with soap, can aggravate itching. The use of soap actually washes away the vaginal discharge and the layer of beneficial bacteria whose presence is necessary. This leads to dryness and itching. Removing the necessary protective bacteria predisposes the growth of fungal infections. Also, the skin can react badly even to the rare use of soap, which for individual reasons does not suit a particular woman.

A rash of irritation after shaving in the pubic area can also cause itching. The most comfortable skin will be non-shaving. If, nevertheless, there is a need to resort to it, it is imperative to use creams and lotions after it, preferably bought in a pharmacy, with wound-healing, disinfecting effects.

Often, some itching is noticed after menstruation. Blood and other secretions can irritate the vagina and provoke itching. In addition, there is the influence of hormonal factors. The levels of female hormones decrease immediately after menstruation, which leads to a decrease in secretion and secretions, which means dryness and itching.

Itching in the vagina before or during menstruation also occurs due to a decrease in lubricating secretions due to low hormones.

Itching can still be a sign of allergy to condom material that is used. Then you need to try to change the choice of contraception.

Itching is sometimes expressed allergy to seed secretion, if itching or redness occurs and worries every time after sex.

The cause of an allergic reaction may also be the components contained in the laundry detergent or the soap used in the washing of underwear. By experimenting with washing with different means, it will be possible to determine which washing powder or soap does not produce an individual harmful effect on the skin of the genitals.

Periods of greatest susceptibility to disease

During pregnancy, the vagina is slightly dilated and its pH changes, making it also more vulnerable to infections.

The risk of vaginal candidiasis (thrush) increases with prolonged use of strong antibiotics. They kill bacteria that can change the balance of microorganisms in the vagina. This can lead to undesirable detrimental spread of yeast elements. There is another threat that this will lead to a yeast infection or thrush in the mouth and in the gastrointestinal tract.

People with diabetes are also more likely to develop vaginal candidiasis, because elevated sugar levels in the body provide nutrition for the yeast and stimulate its growth.

The body undergoes the development of these infections and during periods when a woman is undergoing chemotherapy, she takes cortisone or prednisone as a drug based on any kind of treatment or if she takes oral contraceptives.

Dryness can also be hormonal in nature. This is due to a decrease in the level of estrogen, which is a hallmark of the phase (menopause and later).

Stress in adolescence can be associated with countless changes that occur in this phase. This also leads to physical symptoms such as changes in appetite, dryness and itching in the vagina, acne, etc.

Measures to eliminate the disease

Diagnosis of vaginal candidiasis includes a full medical examination and testing, including examination of the pelvic organs. A small sample or swab from the vagina and / or cervix and viewing it under a microscope is enough to confirm the growth of the yeast.

The most effective treatment plan for vaginal candidiasis involves a comprehensive approach.

Creams, suppositories, antifungal pills and lotions will be suitable as a treatment. The most typical drugs are miconazole and clotrimazole.

Washing the vaginal area daily with plain water will be the best home solution for eliminating itching.

In no case can not be used for the treatment of creams based on steroids: they will increase the spread of infection.

A variety of natural home remedies can contribute to a positive treatment trend. Among them, yogurt, garlic, natural essential oils (tea tree).

Preventive measures

The first step in treatment is prevention. Preventive measures include maintaining the hygiene of the genital area, daily cleansing with water. Douching is not recommended. Prevention also includes wiping the genital area from the front to the back after a bowel movement or urination, to prevent microorganisms living in the rectum from entering the vagina.

To prevent the development of this disease should be avoided:

  • female hygiene sprays,
  • bath oils,
  • hot baths
  • colored linen
  • Chlorinated pools
  • fragrant soap and toilet paper.

Any of these points may cause or aggravate vaginal irritation.

It makes sense to pay attention to the selection of cotton underwear, given that it should allow the skin to breathe and not accumulate secretions.

It is harmful to stay in wet bathing suits or sweaty workout clothes: this moist environment contributes to bacterial and yeast growth.

It should be preferred such household goods (washing powder, soap), which contain surface-active substances that produce the very effect of eliminating pollution, on a natural basis. They should have a gentle impact so that the aggressive influence of their residues on underwear after washing does not irritate the skin of the genitals.

Types of discharge

Depending on the amount of mucus produced, the discharge is divided into scanty, abundant and normal.

Scanty called discharge, which is not enough for the normal functioning of the vagina and external genital organs. Mucous membranes begin to dry up, crack. During intercourse felt friction and pain. Scanty secretions are the result of hormonal changes due to age, endocrine disease, or hormone therapy.

Abundant discharge is called, which leads to a constant feeling of moisture in the vagina. They are noticeable in underwear. Abundant discharge can be diagnosed in young women during ovulation in the middle of the menstrual cycle, they are transparent and have no unpleasant smell. During pregnancy, especially before childbirth, discharge is also made more abundant. This is a healthy selection, they should not be afraid. If the consistency, volume, color or smell of discharge changes, this indicates the beginning of the pathological process.

Natural are the discharge, which sufficiently moisturize the vagina and do not cause anxiety. In the presence of normal discharge, additional moisture vagina before intercourse is not required.

According to the consistency of the selection differ in watery, slimy, cheesy and frothy.

  • Liquid discharge - watery and mucous - odorless and colors appear normal. Watery discharge is noted in the middle of the cycle during ovulation, mucous membranes appear during intercourse and serve as lubricant.
  • Thick cheesy discharge indicates the presence of a fungal infection. Doctors usually diagnose candidiasis. Allocations resemble liquid curd, they are not uniform in consistency.
  • Foamy discharge suggests the presence of a bacterial infection. This is especially dangerous if they have an unpleasant smell or pronounced color. Foamy secretions are the hallmark of trichomoniasis.

The color of the discharge distinguishes transparent (normal), white, bloody, yellow, green and brown.

  • Transparent highlights are the norm. Usually they are invisible on the underwear and on the body.
  • Thick white discharge indicates the presence of candidiasis (thrush). In a healthy state, white discharge may appear before childbirth.
  • Bloody and brown discharge is the most dangerous because it signals the presence of blood in the vagina. Normally, they occur only during menstruation. When taking hormonal contraception, especially in the first months, intermenstrual bleeding is acceptable, it is normal and reports on the adaptation of the body to artificial hormones. In other cases, bleeding indicates the presence of a serious pathology or the beginning of bleeding.
  • Yellow and green discharge indicates the presence of an infectious-inflammatory process.

Odor differentiate odorless discharge, with a sweetish smell, with a sour smell, with an unpleasant odor.

  • The phrase "odorless discharge" is conditional, since all human secretions are characterized by a certain odor. In a healthy state, this smell is pleasant and subtle. It is individual for each person. Since a person feels him constantly, he eventually stops feeling him. If a woman does not smell the discharge, it can be stated that it is an odorless discharge.
  • Discharges with a sweetish or sour smell most often speak of thrush. Candida fungi use sugar for food, love it and live in an environment rich in sugar.
  • An unpleasant smell is caused by a bacterial infection. Often they resemble the smell of stale fish. The characteristic smell of fish give anaerobic bacteria. The stronger the smell, the stronger the infection.

Causes of

Intimate secretions serve as a kind of indicator of women's health.

With natural secretions that do not cause discomfort, it can be concluded that the organs of the female reproductive system are healthy. However, regular check-ups at the gynecologist at the beginning of the cycle are still necessary. Many pathological processes go without symptoms, only a gynecological examination and laboratory tests can show their presence.

Several factors can affect the appearance of discharge in a healthy woman. This is stress, climate change, hormonal drugs, potent drugs, allergic reactions. Also on the nature of the discharge can affect personal hygiene.

A woman should be worried when the discharge changes in consistency, gets a strange color or smell, their intensity changes. Often, such discharge is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, itching, cutting in the perineum, irritation of the external genital organs, and discomfort during urination.

There are some symptoms by which you can pre-determine the disease. Of course, accurate diagnosis is possible only with a doctor after an examination and laboratory diagnosis, but the appearance of some may give a more or less accurate picture of the disease.

Cheesy discharge white with a sweetish or sour smell speak of candidiasis. Other symptoms of candidiasis are:

  • burning, itching in the vagina and external genitals,
  • swelling of the vagina after intercourse,
  • pain when urinating and during intercourse.

Abundant yellow or bloody discharge with an unpleasant odor may report bacterial vaginitis. This is an inflammation of the vagina caused by a violation of microflora. This means that local immunity cannot restrain the growth of pathogenic bacteria, they attack the vaginal cells, and the inflammatory process begins. Characteristic symptoms of bacterial vaginitis:

  • redness, itching and swelling of the genitals,
  • pulling pains in the abdomen,
  • painful intercourse,
  • slight increase in body temperature
  • weakness and fatigue
  • frequent urination.

Abundant frothy whites with an unpleasant odor can talk about trichomoniasis. The causative agent of the disease are Trichomonas. The following symptoms are also observed:

  • irritation of the genitals and inner surfaces of the thighs,
  • erosion of the mucous membranes of the intimate zone,
  • pain when urinating,
  • lower abdominal pain
  • pain during sexual intercourse.

Homogeneous discharge of yellow-green color with an unpleasant odor can be a sign of gonorrhea. It is an acute infectious disease caused by gonococcus and sexually transmitted. Symptoms of gonorrhea are:

  • itching and pain in the urethra and vagina,
  • fever,
  • separation of pus from the vagina,
  • frequent painful urination,
  • swollen lymph nodes,
  • weakness,
  • nausea,
  • loss of appetite.

Sero-purulent discharge with blood is often said to have a cyst in the uterus or its appendages. Symptoms of cysts other than bleeding are:

  • vaginal discomfort
  • lower abdominal pain
  • pain during intercourse,
  • increased menstrual flow
  • violation of the menstrual cycle,
  • menstruation pain.

Bright yellow and green discharge in copious amounts with a very unpleasant odor signal endometritis. This is an inflammation of the uterus caused by bacteria or trauma. Symptoms of endometritis:

  • acute pain in the abdomen, in its lower part,
  • fever with chills,
  • increased heart rate
  • painful urination,
  • weakness,
  • enlarged uterus caused by tissue inflammation
  • copious and painful periods,
  • infertility.

Brown discharge with delayed menstruation may inform about the pathological course of pregnancy, for example, ectopic pregnancy. You can judge the probability of this pathology by the following symptoms:

  • lack of menstruation,
  • acute or cramping pain in the lower abdomen, usually on the side,
  • toxicosis and other signs of pregnancy.

This is a very dangerous condition that requires immediate medical attention. Even if the pregnancy is uterine, but there is bloody discharge, you should immediately consult a doctor, as this is a sign of threatened abortion.

To which doctor to consult with unhealthy vaginal discharge

If there is an unnatural color, smell or texture, you must visit a gynecologist. The doctor will ask about the symptoms, conduct a visual inspection, take a smear from the vagina and make a diagnosis based on the results of the research. Analysis of vaginal secretions will show whether there is a bacterial, viral or fungal infection, what the degree of infection. After that, an ultrasound of the reproductive organs is prescribed. Ultrasound will show the size of the organs of the female system, their position, the presence of tumors, for example, cysts or tumors, and help to specify the diagnosis. In addition, the doctor prescribes a complete blood count, cytology and / or colposcopy.

For a cyst or tumor, additional oncologist consultation will be required. If you experience heavy discharge under stress, it is helpful to consult a psychologist. When detecting sexually transmitted diseases will require consultation of an immunologist. With a long course of disease, it is useful to contact an immunologist and assess the immune status. With heavy discharge on the background of allergy, an allergist consultation is recommended. In children, an unhealthy discharge is evaluated by a pediatric gynecologist and pediatrician.

How to treat abnormal vaginal discharge

Treatment of problematic secretions should always take place with the participation of a doctor after a thorough diagnosis.

An antimicrobial agent is prescribed for bacterial infections and inflammations. Antibiotics are prescribed orally and topically in the form of candles, cream, ointment.

Antifungal drugs are prescribed for fungal infections. It is worth remembering that thrush is a local manifestation of extensive fungal infection of the body, and its treatment is not limited to candles and creams. The bulk of the fungus is in the intestine, so it is worth treating the entire body as a whole, and not just the vagina.

Antiviral drugs are prescribed for viral infection. Viruses are dangerous organisms, and doctors have not yet learned how to effectively treat them. Here the most important is the increase in immunity.

If tumors appear, they may be treated conservatively or removed. Here the decisive role is played by the nature of the neoplasm — benign or malignant — and the speed of its development.

When uterine pregnancy with the threat of miscarriage, the patient is sent to the hospital, examine the condition of the uterus, placenta, fetus. When ectopic pregnancy requires the immediate removal of the ovum from the body of a woman.

In any case, with the appearance of unhealthy secretions, very careful hygiene is required, since many pathological secretions corrode the skin of the genitals. Sometimes the doctor prescribes baths with medicinal solutions and douching.

There are many popular methods of treatment of discharge. They sometimes help, but sometimes they can blur the clinical picture and make it difficult to diagnose and treat a disease. Of the popular methods of washing and decoction of herbs are considered safe and useful. Chamomile, calendula, St. John's wort relieve inflammation, increase local immunity and soothe irritated skin. In no case can not introduce foreign objects into the vagina, as suggested by some popular recipes. This can harm the microflora and injure the already irritated vaginal mucosa.

How to prevent abnormal vaginal discharge

The first rule of prevention of painful discharge is regular hygiene. It is necessary to wash every time after going to the toilet and in the evening before going to bed. Laundry is carried out with clean warm water with special means for intimate hygiene. Regular soap can destroy the natural microflora and promote the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria. Hot water kills beneficial lactobacilli, and cold water can exacerbate a viral infection.

Change underwear should be daily. Underwear should pass air and absorb moisture, therefore, it is advised that underwear made from natural fabrics - cotton, flax. Synthetic underwear can not be worn constantly. Narrow underwear and thongs irritate the skin of the genitals and reduce local immunity. Gynecologists do not advise using daily pads, as they interfere with air circulation. It is better to change the underwear more often.

The nature of the discharge is affected by nutrition. The absorption of sweet foods in large quantities increases blood sugar and promotes the rapid reproduction of Candida fungi.

Conization of the cervix

Cervical conization is a surgical procedure in which the surgeon excises the cervical canal and cervical tissues with special tools. She received such a name, since the removed part has the shape of a cone. This operation is used in gynecology to identify the severity of the pathological process in the tissues of the cervix of the uterus, as well as to get rid of cancer at a non-invasive stage (when the pathological cells have not penetrated beyond the epithelium). Also conization is considered one of the varieties ...

Removal of ovarian cysts

Ovarian cyst is a benign neoplastic formation that requires surgical treatment. The most effective method of surgical intervention in this case will be laparoscopy - a delicate operation, accompanied by minimal trauma to the abdominal cavity and allowing not to affect the functionality of the ovary. Laparoscopy is used for the treatment of follicular tumors of the corpus luteum. In the overwhelming majority of cases, doctors manage to preserve the organ and not to affect it ...

Highlight white in women: causes and treatment

White discharge in women may be normal, and may be a symptom of the disease. In some cases, they do not bring discomfort, in others they are accompanied by itching and truly ruin life. Why do whites appear?

Ovulation, the second half of the menstrual cycle

Probably many of you noticed that the discharge is significantly enhanced from about 12-14 days of the cycle. And this is a normal, physiological phenomenon, it is associated with ovulation. Her experienced gynecologist can diagnose only by the nature of the vaginal discharge: they become stretched, abundant, the color is transparent, maybe a little whitish. The intensified excretion of whiter in women usually lasts 1-3 days.

Sexual intercourse

During sexual intercourse and within a few hours after it, the amount of discharge from the vagina increases by several times. As a rule, it is not causing unpleasant white discharge from odorless women who do not require treatment and go away on their own. You should not try to get rid of these physiological secretions with the help of douching with different decoctions or drugs. Douching healthy women are generally not recommended, as they can lead to a violation of the vaginal microflora and provoke candidiasis or vaginosis, we will tell about them later in the article.


White discharge in women increases in the first weeks of pregnancy. It often happens that a girl does not know about her pregnancy and is waiting for menstruation, instead of them only this kind of discharge comes, very similar to those that occur during ovulation. And the reasons for their appearance are also associated with changes in hormonal levels.

Please note that the discharge should not be with brown or bloody patches, have an unpleasant smell or cause itching. If any of the above is present, you must go to the doctor for a checkup and pass a swab on the flora from the vagina.


Normal discharge from the vagina has the appearance of a small, opaque mucus due to epithelial impurities. This is noticeable on the strip - there is a yellowish mark on it. Discharges are formed as a result of the activity of the vaginal glands. In smaller quantities, they are present in other organs of the sexual sphere. When secretions in the form of white lumps resembling cottage cheese, you can think about vaginal candidiasis, or thrush.

Discharge from a woman, if she is healthy, does not cause burning, irritation of the mucous membranes and itching of the skin. This is due to the anatomical and physiological features: the mucous membrane of the vagina and lactic acid bacteria, which are its permanent inhabitants, produce mucus and lactic acid, which performs protective functions. A constant, weakly acidic medium is created with a pH of 7),

  • streptococci, fungi, bacteria, enterococci,
  • conditionally pathogenic microorganisms.
  • The latter include fungi of the genus Candida, gardnerella, mycoplasma in completely small (10 4) quantities.

    The mere fact of identifying these microorganisms is not evidence of the disease.

    The "normality" of discharge is determined by the woman herself, since the rate of quantity and consistency can vary. In some patients, scanty or abundant secretions in women are normal, if their number does not change in the absence of pathology throughout life.

    Norm of a menstrual cycle

    The type and amount of vaginal secretion directly depends on the course of the menstrual cycle: a sharp increase in their number occurs before menstruation. This is due to age, and, therefore, with hormonal background. In girls, the discharge is odorless and itching is absent. When hormonal background stabilizes, the amount and volume of secretions decreases significantly. They become more watery, their volume increases significantly, the color changes to pale yellow upon the onset of sexual activity: the contents of the partner's urethra joins.

    After unprotected sex, discharge becomes similar to white flakes, their volume also increases dramatically. After a few hours, everything comes back to the original norm: the secret is diluted, its quantity decreases.

    After protected sex, vaginal discharge becomes white, resembles a thick lubricant.

    When are white secretions considered normal?

    Often, white discharge in girls is somewhat more abundant than in women of reproductive, middle-aged, or women in menopause. This is explained by the fact that girls just form, hormonal background begins to stabilize, and in middle-aged women this process is already finished and is more permanent. Normally, in both girls and women before menopause, the vagina has a slightly acidic environment, due to the presence of lactobacilli that form lactic acid. This environment is destructive for pathogenic microorganisms, it is unfavorable for the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria. So, what kind of discharge can be considered the norm?

    • The color of the selection should not be particularly noticeable, most often they are transparent, but the appearance of a little cream, white or slightly yellowish tint is possible.

    • Normal discharge must be odorless.
    • The consistency should be watery, liquid, not thick, in the middle of the cycle during ovulation can be transparent, stretching mucous secretions
    • The rate of discharge per day - should not be more than a teaspoon
    • The amount of discharge may increase before menstruation, during sexual arousal and after intercourse.

    Why does a girl have white discharge with a sour smell?

    White mucous discharge from girls and women is called Beli. They are a natural product of the vital activity of the organism, since the cells covering the walls of the vagina are constantly renewed. Dead cells are constantly exfoliated, mixed with mucus. In addition, whites also contain a discharge from the cervix, so physiologically during ovulation the amount of discharge from the cervix increases, they become more stretching, slimy. Therefore, it is normal if the discharge is clear or white, while the woman is not disturbed by anything else, neither itching in the vagina, nor burning, nor pain.

    However, if there is a white discharge with a sour odor, and itching or discomfort are either significant or only intermittently disturbing, this can be a symptom of vaginal candidiasis. There are a lot of causes of thrush in women - hormonal changes, failures, hormonal contraceptives, during pregnancy very often thrush, hygiene disorders, abuse of aromatic and antibacterial intimate hygiene, colored toilet paper, antibiotics, stressful situations, climate change, nutritional errors - abuse of sweets, diets, synthetic underwear, too frequent douching (douching at thrush with soda, chamomile, potassium permanganate - not enough stimo)

    What secretions may indicate a disease?

    With a decrease in local or general immunity, in violation of hygiene, taking antibiotics, with hormonal disruptions, conditionally pathogenic organisms that are normal in the vagina, without causing harm - can begin to multiply and lead to an inflammatory process. If a girl has the following nature of discharge - this is a symptom of any diseases or disorders and requires examination and careful examination by a gynecologist:

    • Very rich, thick white curdled discharge from girls. If the discharge resembles cottage cheese, then a woman experiences itching and burning in the vagina, especially sitting on one leg - this is a clear symptom of thrush in women and girls. Moreover, thrush or candidiasis of the vagina does not depend on whether the girl has sex life or not.
    • Foamy, heavy discharge - more than 1 teaspoon per day.
    • Highlight any pronounced color - brown discharge, yellow, green, or other noticeable shades.
    • Unpleasant smell - discharge with the smell of fish, putrid smell, sour, smell of onions and others.
    • Any suspicious discharge, especially in combination with itching, dryness or discomfort during sexual intercourse, redness of the external genital organs, pain in the lower abdomen (on one side or on both sides just below the navel), burning, pain during urination, fever or persistent pain during and after intercourse.

    If whites began to change color, smell, quantity, as well as irritation and discomfort in the genital area - this is considered pathological changes and secretions, and the reason for their appearance should be determined. Also, the discharge may be different in origin, that is, come from different parts of the female reproductive system. The classification of discharge by origin is as follows:

    • Pipe Beli- appear in inflammation of the fallopian tubes, while the tubes accumulate fluid, which first enters the uterus, then through the neck goes into the vagina.
    • Vaginal Beli - this is the most innocent discharge, when inflammatory diseases of the vagina, there are various white, yellow, discharge, most often with an unpleasant odor - this may be trichomoniasis, gardnerellez, thrush, etc.
    • Cervical whites - appear in inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis) of any etiology. The cause may be mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, gonorrhea, etc.
    • Uterine leucorrhoea - with endometritis of any etiology. When this inflammatory exudate through the cervical canal flows into the vagina and mixed with vaginal secretions.

    Is it possible to determine the disease by the color of the discharge?

    Unfortunately, there can be more than 100 reasons causing a change in the color and nature of the discharge, and on the basis of an external description of the discharge, no gynecologist can make a diagnosis without laboratory diagnosis. Theoretically, only abundant, strong white curd discharge from girls and women can be an unmistakable diagnosis of vaginal candidiasis. However, thrush is often combined with other genital infections, so only smear and bacterial inoculation, as well as STI tests, can establish the true cause of the change in discharge from a woman. The color of the discharge can only tell a little in which direction the research should be done more thoroughly:

    • Transparent whitesFoaming can be a symptom of chlamydia in women.
    • Gray shade whiter with a characteristic fishy odor, most often with gardnerella, bacterial vaginosis.
    • Greenish highlights - discharge with such a shade speaks of a purulent process, since a large number of white blood cells give the discharge a green color. The stronger the inflammatory process, the more leukocytes, and, accordingly, more green shade in the discharge.
    • Yellow discharge - this may be one of the symptoms of trichomoniasis, since inflammation in trichomoniasis is most often localized in the vagina, in which the concentration of leukocytes is lower.
    • Female discharge white color - can both be a symptom of thrush, and be the norm. Since with mild candidiasis of the vagina significant itching and burning may not be, only occasionally and slightly, therefore, when more abundant, too white, thick, cheesy discharge occurs, you should visit the gynecologist and find out whether it is a thrush or not.

    Однако, не стоит однозначно расценивать цвет белей как диагностику заболевания, только анализы способны установить точный диагноз при патологических выделениях.

    Когда при белых выделениях обращаться к врачу?

    Если белые выделения у девушки или женщины не больше ч. ложки в день, не сопровождаются прочими неприятными симптомами, то беспокоиться не стоит. However, if the discharge becomes very abundant, cheesy, foamy, thick, there are brown discharge in the middle of the cycle, the color changes to yellow, green, gray, any unpleasant smell appears, especially if any of the above is complemented by itching, burning, pain, not even a high subfebrile temperature is a reason to go to the doctor:

    • First, the gynecologist conducts an examination on the chair. In the mirrors you can see the walls of the vagina and the cervix - in what condition they are, inflamed or not, are there any abnormal secretions from the cervix and what are they.
    • In some cases, the doctor may perform colposcopy to rule out or confirm cervical dysplasia or erosion.
    • If an STI is suspected, besides the usual smear on the flora and bakposev, the gynecologist can send for smear analysis by PCR.
    • If the patient complains of pain, irregular menstruation, etc., if inflammatory diseases of the uterus or the uterus are suspected, a transvaginal ultrasound is indicated, which can help establish a complete clinical picture.

    Hello! I often had problems in genecology. Back in the age of 14, I caught a cold and then over the years problems, inflammations began, and so on. I have weak immunity and I lose weight when treating, I have a weight of 42-44 kg at 23 (this is if I am not sick) with a height of 165 cm I started having pains in the lower abdomen again, whining like during menses and discharge thick like cottage cheese! But no smell !! And sometimes arbitrary urination. Of course a little, but even after I go to the toilet. I want to ask what it is more like and to whom I will first turn to? urologist to check urinary or gynecologist? Thanks

    Did you read the article or not? It is said: there can be a lot of reasons. Go to the doctor and do not fool around. He will examine you, interview, assign tests. Your symptoms are similar to the presence of any infection. So hand over another for hidden infections analysis (if you are having a sex life). And then you can safely begin treatment in accordance with the recommendations of the doctor,) good luck and do not get sick)

    Do you have inflammation of the appendages (chronic) earned it in your youth, they say for good reason take care of your health with the young

    Hello, I am 16 years old and I have strong discharge with a smell .. but without pain the mucous membranes are white, I always have a month at the wrong time, I haven't come for 3 months, please tell me what to do in the early days, thank you.

    Faster go to the doctor! Delay of 3 months is a lot

    I advise you to consult a doctor homeopath. Homeopathy helps very well. I have homanal disorders, and I get cured by homeopathy, and I get better. Madina, you definitely need to be treated without delay, this is very serious. I hope you'll get better soon.

    Good evening. The article is very useful and at the same time soothing. There is a question: what better to choose hygiene products, so as to maximally (from this side) secure the appearance of thrush. And the truth is that the economic soap is a great tool in this business? thank

    Norm during pregnancy

    One of the signs of the onset of pregnancy is a delayed menstruation and a white discharge. In the first trimester, as a result of hormonal changes, the secret changes: it becomes liquid, whitish or transparent, stretching. There are no unpleasant feelings.

    Modifications occur in the third semester of pregnancy: secretion increases dramatically about a week before delivery. Just before birth, white lumps appear, and when the cervix is ​​dilated, a clot of mucus leaves it - this is the opening of the cervix and the beginning of the labor process.

    During lactation, the nature of the vaginal contents changes again: it becomes thick and unproductive.

    In menopause, a “dry vagina” is observed during examination because of the scant discharge. This is due to the low level of estrogen and changes in the mucous membrane of the uterine wall, which becomes thinner and atrophy.

    Causes of pathological secretions

    White discharge, or leucorrhoea, are manifestations of an infection or other pathological process. Currently, more than 100 factors have been identified that affect color, texture, smell, whiteness and cause pain, burning, itching, or other discomfort.

    The main reasons for the appearance of pathological whiter include:

    • inflammatory diseases of the female genital or urological,
    • allergic reactions
    • helminthiasis,

    • neoplasms (cysts, polyps, tumors),
    • foreign bodies in the uterus,
    • thinning of the uterine wall after 40 years (atrophic processes) associated with hormonal disorders,
    • hyperglycemia.

    Abnormal discharge can be a sign of insufficient personal hygiene, abrupt climate change, omission of the vaginal walls.

    By the origin of the pathological process of whiter - the result:

    • colpitis,
    • inflammation in the cervix,

    • pathology in the uterus,
    • changes in fallopian tubes.


    Normally, the secretion of the cervix is ​​negligible. Under pathological conditions, the amount of discharge can increase dramatically. The most common cause of colpitis are chlamydia or gonorrhea - sexually transmitted infections (STIs). White discharge in this pathology may change into purulent with traces of blood.

    Chlamydia is more common in gonorrhea: according to statistics, 6–8% of the world's population suffers from this infection. In this disease, whites, as the infection progresses, gradually acquire a greenish tint and flow down the vaginal wall. Accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen and lower back.

    Gonorrhea causes the formation of slight creamy whiter yellowish-white color, which eventually change color. Arises acutely, accompanied by high fever, pain in the lumbar region, on the inner surface of the thighs, lower abdomen. The infection quickly spreads to all organs of the reproductive system. In a short time, it can lead to the "sticking together" of the fallopian tubes due to the accumulation of inflammatory fluid and cause infertility.


    For STIs that cause the formation of pathological secretions in women, trichomoniasis. As sexually transmitted, refers to venereal diseases. It is characterized by abundant watery foamy lecterns with an unpleasant smell. They are accompanied by itching, burning, pain. If the process captures the urethra, and urination is disturbed, pain occurs.

    Bacterial vaginosis

    The reason for the formation of abundant whitish-gray whites of a homogeneous consistency with the specific smell of rotting fish is bacterial vaginosis. Itching and burning may be absent or be moderate, pain is not disturbed, urination is not disturbed, there are no lumps in the secreted. Caused by conditionally - pathogenic bacteria - Gardnerella (Gardnerella vaginalis) together with the polymicrobial associations of other anaerobes. With a reduced immunity, the number of lactobacilli decreases, thus there is an active reproduction of conditionally pathogenic microflora, which includes gardnerella, which leads to vaginal dysbacteriosis. Usually, when viewed, there are no signs of inflammation - this is an important sign for diagnosis. But the fetid smell of fish is clearly felt. It is enhanced by ingress of alkali (soap, shower gels, semen, etc.) are alkaline. Isonitrile imparts a characteristic smell that you can’t confuse with anything. It is the product of the breakdown of amines, which appear as a result of the vital activity of anaerobic conditionally pathogenic bacteria.

    If time does not cure dysbiosis caused by Gardnerella, nonspecific vaginitis develops. It is differentiated from candidiasis, causing a picture of vaginitis. Causes a variety of menstrual disorders.

    Thrush is accompanied by discharge with white clots. Most often with candidiasis (fungal infection caused by Candida fungi) there are white lumpy secretions. There are several strains of the microorganism. The fungus is normally found in the body of a woman - it is conditionally pathogenic microflora. Under certain conditions, an increase in the number of the fungus occurs, or a more pathogenic strain is added, that is, not the fungus Candida itself plays a role in the development of pathology, but a sharp increase in its quantity.

    Thrush is clinically manifested by abundant cheesy discharge with an unpleasant sour odor. Characterized by the discharge of white flakes, accompanied by severe itching, pain, burning sensation in the vagina, redness. Itching increases significantly in the evening, does not allow to fall asleep and can last all night. The process of urination is accompanied by severe pain that does not subside for a long time. This is observed during the transition of the pathological process to the urethra. The feeling of constant burning is caused by irritating mucous abundant cheesy discharge in the form of flakes.

    In the chronic form of candidiasis, itching and burning may be insignificant or completely absent. With this course of the disease, pathological whites appear to the fore.

    A gynecological examination reveals the presence of white plaque and films on the large and small labia and the clitoris with the specific smell of bread or sour milk. When removing the plaque is found eroded surface and bleeding. Kind of cheesy mass when thrush is present, regardless of the background hormones or the phase of the menstrual cycle. Candidiasis without treatment affects large areas.

    The causes of mycotic lesions:

    • reduced immunity due to severe chronic diseases (diabetes, HIV),
    • antibiotic therapy
    • hormonal disorders,
    • contraception
    • douching
    • wrong diet
    • obesity,
    • addiction to constipation.

    Diabetes mellitus is a favorable background for Candida, because the high sugar content contributes to the increased reproduction of yeast and the spread of the process, being a nutrient medium for them.

    There are also household factors that are the impetus for faster reproduction of fungi. These include: wearing synthetic underwear, abuse of coffee and strong tea, hot spices and baking, use of intimate hygiene soap and coarse gels, frequent changes of sexual partners, colds and existing chronic diseases that reduce immunity.

    Pathological secretion from the cervix is ​​produced by erosions and dysplasia. Then with the development of the process they acquire a purulent character, blood streaks appear.

    Other pathology

    Uterine secretions are a sign of an inflammatory disease or neoplasm - tumors, polyps. Initially they are clear watery and odorless. Over time, they become purulent with a brownish tinge.

    Rarely encountered: in inflammation or cancer. They are yellowish, watery mucus that accumulates in the pipes.

    There are also pathological conditions in which white discharge, with or without clots, are not associated with an infectious lesion. These include:

    • dermatitis of the vulva,
    • cervical polyps,
    • foreign objects in the vagina (tampons),
    • malignant neoplasms of organs of the female reproductive system.

    It is very important to be attentive to your health and to monitor any changes in vaginal discharge. The appearance of whiter with lumps, flakes, strong odor and other pathological signs is a signal to visit the gynecologist. The sooner this happens - the greater the chance of avoiding serious diseases and their complications. With early referral to a doctor, it is possible to prevent inflammation even before the onset of its symptoms.