Vaginal discharge after the end of menstruation is one of the most frequent complaints of an appointment with a gynecologist. This is not surprising, because any sensible woman should take care of her reproductive health. In some cases, the appearance of brown discharge after the end of menstruation may indicate any disease in the female genital area.
Brown discharge from the external genital tract before and after critical days is considered normal, unless a woman complains of itching in the genital area, burning during urination and pain in the lower abdomen. When one of these symptoms occurs, the woman should consult a gynecologist.
Brown vaginal discharge - the norm or pathology?
In most women, menstruation lasts no more than 5-7 days. Women often complain to gynecologists that their menstruation is just over, and there is still a brownish discharge from the vagina. Or, on the contrary, menstruation was not yet, and brown discharge appeared.
Gynecologists say the selection of brown mucus from the vagina in the next 3 days after the end of menstruation is the norm. This is due to the fact that the blood in the last days of menstruation is released slowly and by the time she leaves the vagina she has time to curl up and turn brown.
However, if the brown vaginal discharge continues for a long time after the end of the menstrual period, the woman should immediately see a doctor. Such a symptom may indicate the presence of endometriosis or endometritis - inflammatory lesions of the uterine mucosa.
Endometritis is called an inflammatory disease of the uterine mucosa. The main cause of the development of this disease is the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the uterus - streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci. Infection occurs during surgical abortion, childbirth, diagnostic curettage of the contents of the uterus. The acute form of endometritis is characterized by the appearance of such symptoms:
- Persistent brown vaginal discharge after menstruation,
- Painful cramps in the lower abdomen,
- Growing weakness
Chronic endometritis is not as bright as the acute form, the woman's temperature may not rise. The chronic form of the disease occurs without marked clinical symptoms, and often a woman turns to a gynecologist with complications such as prolonged and heavy menstrual bleeding, cycle disorders and inability to get pregnant.
Endometriosis is a disease characterized by abnormal proliferation of the uterine lining. This pathology is most susceptible to young women of reproductive age. The main clinical manifestations of endometriosis are:
- The appearance of brown discharge from the external genital tract a few days before the onset of menstruation and for 10 or more days after the end of menstruation,
- Abundant and prolonged menstruation,
- Lower abdominal pain and lower back,
- Disorders of the menstrual cycle.
If a woman fails to consult a gynecologist in time, both of these diseases can lead to infertility. Only a gynecologist can diagnose the disease. To clarify the diagnosis, a woman is prescribed ultrasound of the pelvic organs and laparoscopy. Laparoscopy is the most accurate method for diagnosing various pathologies of the uterus, and allows not only to examine the internal organs through an image on the monitor screen, but also to carry out the necessary treatment.
In some cases, to confirm the diagnosis, a woman is prescribed a blood test for cancer markers. The timely treatment of the woman by the doctor and adequate therapy allow to avoid various complications of the reproductive system, which gives a chance to successfully conceive and carry out the child.
Brown vaginal discharge after menstruation may occur in women as a result of the progression of a dangerous disease - endometrial hyperplasia. In the absence of timely treatment and the further development of the pathological process in the uterus, the likelihood of the disease going into uterus cancer sharply increases.
Brown vaginal discharge as a symptom of gynecological diseases
Discharge from the vagina absolutely healthy in reproductive terms, women do not have a pronounced smell. The unpleasant smell of secretions appears as a result of the multiplication of bacteria. Brown vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor may indicate the presence in the body of a woman of infectious agents - chlamydia, ureaplasma, herpes simplex viruses, mycoplasma. Abundant brown discharge after menstruation in women can be observed with sexually transmitted infections. Since sexually transmitted diseases are easily transmitted through sexual contact, a woman should immediately contact a gynecologist and then a venereologist in order to prevent further spread of the infection. To confirm the disease a woman passes a vaginal smear.
One of the probable causes of the appearance of brown vaginal discharge after menstruation for a woman may be an ectopic pregnancy, which is characterized by the insertion of the ovum not into the uterine mucosa, but by the fallopian tube, ovary or abdominal cavity. To confirm the diagnosis, the gynecologist sends a woman to a pelvic ultrasound. The only method of treatment of this pathology is to remove the ovum from the woman’s body surgically. Establishing the fact of ectopic pregnancy in the earliest terms will avoid the removal of the fallopian tube, which subsequently enables a woman to successfully endure and give birth to the desired child.
When to consult a doctor?
So, the pregnancy test showed a positive result, but after a few days the woman had a brown vaginal discharge. To prevent complications, a woman should see a gynecologist as soon as possible. If an ectopic pregnancy is detected, the gynecologist selects the most gentle treatment.
The appearance of brown vaginal discharge a week after fertilization can be called normal. This symptom indicates the introduction of the ovum into the lining of the uterus.
Hormonal contraception, as a result of the appearance of brown discharge in women
One of the frequent causes of brown discharge after menstruation in women is the prolonged and uncontrolled intake of combined oral contraceptives. Most women neglect the advice of a gynecologist when choosing a contraceptive pill, and for a long time they try various drugs until they find the ideal one for themselves. Such an attitude to its reproductive system can lead to serious disorders and hormonal disruptions. A woman should understand that birth control pills have an effect on the entire body, so before you start taking it, it is best to consult with your doctor and take blood tests to determine if this drug is suitable for you personally.
Gynecologists consider acceptable the appearance of brown discharge after menstruation or in the middle of the cycle when taking oral contraceptives, however, if the discharge is not abundant and last no more than 5-7 days. If the brown discharge lasts longer, the woman should consult a gynecologist to rule out inflammatory and venereal diseases of the reproductive organs.
From all of the above, we can conclude that there are a great many reasons for the appearance of brown secretions from the external genital tract after the end of menstruation. In some cases, such secretions are the norm and do not require medical intervention. Sometimes brown discharge can be a symptom of serious gynecological diseases, therefore, the lack of treatment at the initial stage of pathology can cause irreparable harm to women's health.
With the appearance of brown vaginal discharge, which is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, menstrual irregularities, copious and prolonged menstruation and unpleasant odor, a woman should consult a doctor as soon as possible. Only an experienced gynecologist will be able to identify the cause of the occurrence of such discharge and, if necessary, prescribe adequate treatment to the woman.
In order to prevent the development of diseases of the reproductive system organs of a woman, doctors recommend visiting the gynecologist's office twice a year.