Unhealthy cheesy discharge before menstruation or after, accompanied by uncomfortable sensations or a sour smell, signal a failure in the reproductive system of a woman. In such cases, it is important to know whether this secretion is considered normal or is a symptom of serious diseases and disorders of the microflora. What to do if on the linen began to appear creative lumps? What are the causes of the unpleasant phenomenon? This article will help answer these questions.
Most female representatives are familiar with vaginal discharge, similar in texture to cottage cheese. Such manifestations are a frequent cause of the treatment of girls to the gynecologist. Since women have heard about the violation of microflora due to thrush, many of them take the symptoms for the severity of this disease and begin self-treatment.
Most often, creative white lumps with a weak sour odor are manifestations of thrush. This disease is caused by the proliferation of Candida fungi that live on the mucous membrane. The increase in the number of these microorganisms can be caused by many factors on the part of the female immune system. Usually candidiasis appears under the following conditions:
- long-term oral contraceptive use,
- strong emotional turmoil
- after antibiotic treatment,
- by drinking large amounts of sweet
- during pregnancy
- from classes of heavy physical labor,
- hormonal disorders,
- in terms of strict diets.
Candidiasis has different degrees of development., odorless cheesy discharges can mean the initial stage of infection, in which it is easy to cope with unpleasant manifestations with the help of medicines. Most characteristic the symptoms for this disease:
- discomfort, sometimes pain during urination,
- sour smell from the vagina,
- pulling pain in the abdomen,
- abundant creative discharge,
- occasionally the temperature rises.
A thick yellow vaginal secretion can be a sign of genital infections - tubes, ovaries, or uterus. It is absolutely impossible to launch them, since such diseases are dangerous for the life and functioning of the reproductive system. Cheesy secret of yellow color in combination with itching, burning of the vagina most often indicates the presence of the following pathologies:
The acute stage of infection can manifest painful symptoms:
- high body temperature of 39-40 ° C, turning into a fever,
- burning sensation in the vagina and unpleasant, sharp smell of rot,
- severe abdominal pain
- violation of the menstrual cycle,
- soreness during sex.
Chronic manifestation of infection can smoothly turn into inflammation of the organs of the reproductive system with sluggish symptoms, in such cases only yellowish lumps of the signs of the disease remain.
The greenish hue of the vaginal secretion is usually the result of a purulent inflammatory process of the genital organs, due to infection with sexually transmitted infections. This symptom indicates the presence of trichomoniasis, which can be triggered by the following factors:
- Reduced immunity.
- Disturbances in the digestive system.
- Malfunctions hormonal background.
- Changes in the body due to menstruation.
- Dysbacteriosis of the vaginal mucosa or intestines.
- Chronic diseases of the reproductive system.
Symptoms of acute trichomoniasis:
- green color, similar to cottage cheese with foam,
- lower abdominal pain, lower back,
- discomfort in the vagina, burning,
- pain during urination.
The secret with a pink shade in some cases may be the norm, but most often manifestations of a cheesy consistency of this color indicate pathological processes in a woman’s body. In the case when this phenomenon will be accompanied by itching and the smell of sour milk, it can be concluded that there is an infection in the reproductive system.
The main causes of thick pink marks on linen:
- Cervical erosion.
- Polyps of the endometrium or uterus.
These diseases are characterized by the process of inflammation, which is indicated by such secretions. If brown clots are present in them, then the woman should urgently go to an appointment with a gynecologist. It is necessary to pay attention primarily to the duration of the woman’s cycle, if there were any failures, if there was any bleeding in the middle of the cycle - such signals indicate pathologies and hormonal failures.
Cheesy discharge with smell
The unpleasant smell of sour milk with thick secretion of flakes from the vagina - a serious reason for contacting a gynecologist, since he may indicate oncology and other serious illnesses. If chewy lumps with a smell appeared during pregnancy, it is necessary to consult a doctor, as these symptoms may indicate an infection that threatens the life of the fetus. A rotten spirit from a secret can also appear without itching, if blood is present or a pinkish tint is present, most likely, a woman develops endometriosis, a disease that in its advanced form threatens with infertility. An accurate diagnosis can only be made by a doctor after taking all the tests, conducting an ultrasound examination and instrumental examination. Leucorrhoea, the consistency of kefir, can be abundant, which indicates the presence of an inflammatory process in the vaginal mucosa.
Itching and burning
Burning sensation during urination and itching in the vagina indicate the presence of an infectious pathogenmost often it is an indicator of urogenital trichomoniasis and candidiasis. These discomfort can be a symptom of any genital infectious disease, irritation, allergies. When such signs bother a woman for a long time - this is a reason to be examined by a gynecologist.
Self-treatment of diseases of the reproductive system in most cases ends in disastrous results and broken lives of women, therefore, at the first signs of unhealthy, cheesy discharge, you should immediately contact a gynecologist. The doctor will be able to make an accurate diagnosis based on a detailed diagnosis:
- Examination of the patient.
- Analysis of urine.
- Laboratory studies of vaginal secretions that will help identify the causative agent of an infectious disease or other causes of illness.
- Sowing the vaginal microflora.
- Ultrasound diagnostics.
- Examination of the cervix for oncocytology.
- PCR smear.
- Blood biochemistry, hormone tests and infections.
It is very important to find out what causes cheesy discharge, odor and itching. The following options are possible:
- improper hygiene procedures
- sexual intercourse (probably a change of partner occurred or sex was accidental)
- other diseases of the body (endocrine disorders, hormonal disruptions, hypothermia, viruses, insolation),
Treatment can be prescribed only after receiving diagnostic data. If a woman has a bad stomach or back pain, then additional analgesics are prescribed.
For each type of violation, there is an appropriate treatment protocol, the most frequent doctor's prescriptions:
- Candidiasis - "Nystatin", "Zalain", "Fluconazole".
- Trichomoniasis - “Trichopol”, “Klion”, “Tinidazol”.
- Gonorrhea - antibiotics of a wide range of actions ("Ceftriaxone").
- Chlamydia - Tetracycline.
- Mycoplasmosis - "Doxycycline".
It is better not to try to get rid of the discharge and smell by yourself, buying up all the known medicines or using folk remedies. Self-medication can harm the body and cause severe complications. It is important to follow all the instructions of the doctor and drink the entire course of medication, since undertreated infectious or fungal diseases will quickly turn into a chronic stage and will torment a woman at any opportunity.
It is important to understand that only a gynecologist can make a diagnosis; independent or late treatment can lead to infertility. Even simple, at first glance, thrush can fix itself in a chronic form with the wrong selection of drugs. To preserve the quality and comfort of life, women need to listen to their body, and in the presence of prolonged discomfort, itching, thick discharge with or without smell, contact an expert urgently.
Why is cheesy secretion released?
The reason for the appearance of such secretions does not always lie in the infection of the epithelium of the genital organs, but it clearly indicates a violation of the vaginal microflora. Cheesy whites are most often caused by a change in the acidity of the medium (PH) and an imbalance of vaginal biocinosis - a sharp increase in yeast-like fungi of the Candida albicans family. In small quantities, the presence of such microorganisms is not only permissible, but even necessary for the creation of normal microflora in the vagina. But their sharp increase can lead to the development of thrush (candidiasis), and, as a consequence, the appearance of cheesy vaginal discharge. White lumps can be supplemented with abundant watery substance (see photo).
Most often, active growth of fungi is triggered by:
- a sharp decrease in the body's immunity,
- prolonged or uncontrolled intake of antibiotics and other drugs,
- frequent change of sexual partners,
- dermatitis in the intimate area,
- synthetic underwear
- general hormonal disruption,
- a sharp increase in body weight.
Experts say that triggered by similar factors, the discharge will pass by itself with the removal of the catalyst and their treatment does not require gynecological intervention.
One of the clearest examples is whitish clots, whose consistency resembles cottage cheese, may be caused by an imbalance in the diet. Excessive predilection for coffee, sweet and fat, can not only spoil the shape, but also provoke the rejection of the cheesy secret. Accordingly, before you sound the alarm and look for the cause of the appearance in inflammatory infections, you should reconsider your diet. Bleachers, caused by problems with digestion, doctors recommend “to treat” with a strict diet and to go for an appointment not to the gynecologist, but to the gastroenterologist.
Many argue that thrush can be transmitted sexually, but there is still no scientific evidence to this.
To establish the predominance of Candida mushrooms is quite simple. It is necessary to visit a gynecologist and pass an analysis that examines the vaginal microenvironment (smear).
Skin lesions: itchy cheesy discharge
A sharp increase in fungi is the causative agent of irritation of the skin of the genital organs. When attacking mucosal surfaces, microorganisms are capable of causing not only the described discharge, aggravated by itching, burning and swelling, but also changes in the skin in the inguinal region.
Long-term neglect of the problem aggravates the history of the appearance of small, but clearly noticeable wheals containing a thick, mucus-like substance. Damage to such formations leads to the appearance in the white cheesy discharge, impurities that are visually similar to blood. These skin defects are a serious reason for contacting a specialist.
White cheesy discharge without odor and itching
Acute inflammatory processes caused by the development of a fungal infection are not always accompanied by a persistent unpleasant odor. Rejected creative mucous patches that begin to smell sharply when it comes to underwear is a symptom of an already intensively developing pathological process.
The disease at an early stage is not burdened by the presence of an unpleasant odor. In secret, only acidic notes can be “heard”. Experts advise starting treatment at this stage, but do not highly recommend the use of folk remedies.
In infectious diseases
When referring to a doctor, many women indicate in the history of the disease the presence of yellow cheesy discharge or bright green flakes, and with burdened symptoms, and bloody inclusions. Such a sign, along with an unpleasant smell, burning and itching, indicates not just an increase in the number of Candida fungi, but the addition of additional infections into the vagina.
Cheesy discharge, not caused by thrush, but accompanied by sharp pain in the process of urination, indicate an active course of the disease in the intimate area. With these symptoms, most often, gynecologists diagnose gonorrhea or trichomoniasis. Mentioned infections require immediate treatment.
The presence of purulent or brown-bloody inclusions and a distinctly perceptible, fishy aroma of discharge indicates an advanced stage of the course of the disease and a strong inflammatory process. To cure such ailments solely by douching is impossible. They can only reduce the intensity of external manifestations. When diagnosing genital infections, you must immediately begin taking antibiotics under the supervision of a gynecologist.
Not always cheesy discharge from women, interspersed with yellow color pigment, indicate an infectious process. Before visiting a specialist, the patient should look at the color of the secret secreted directly by the vagina. Consider that the mucous patches of white, falling on underwear and in contact with oxygen for a long time, tend to change color and become yellowish.
Cottage cheese discharge during pregnancy
Cheesy vaginal discharge with no unpleasant odor, itching and specific sensations characteristic of the normal course of pregnancy. Changes in the composition of the microflora are accompanied by the presence of thick mucous patches in the female whites. In this case, the symptoms of immediate diagnosis and treatment does not require because it is caused by hormonal alteration.
Quite often, pregnant women are diagnosed with thrush in the first trimester, since it is during this period that immunosuppression occurs, i.e., immunity is weakened. This is to ensure that the immune system does not reject the fetus. Also, in this period, an increased amount of mucus emanating from the vagina “washes out” pathogenic bacteria in order to protect the embryo, however, thereby also violates the balance of microorganisms. With the predominance of Candida fungi candidiasis develops.
Please note that the appearance of such a sign in the middle of pregnancy, as well as the presence of blood stains or brown daubs may indicate a threat of miscarriage or premature delivery!
The threat to the fetus occurs when aggravation of mucus rejection by severe itching, the appearance of frothy curd discharge with clots and a green tinge. Such symptoms indicate a severe form of the inflammatory process and the possibility of additional infection with sexually transmitted diseases (chlamydia, gonorrhea, ureaplasmosis, trichomoniasis, etc.). Similar secretion may also occur in the case of intrauterine infection of the fetus, therefore, at the first signs, consult a doctor.
Prevention and treatment of secretions
Caused by a general imbalance or exhaustion of the body, whitish mucous membranes do not require special treatment. They will disappear with the stabilization of immunity and are unlikely to occur again.
Cheesy leucorrhoea caused by an increase in the fungus of the genus Candida or other microbes that provoke inflammation, require complex both internal and external treatment. Given that diseases can be systemic in nature, they will have to be treated for a long time.
Read the article on the link how to get rid of discomfort.
Acute disease progression
At this stage, the disease requires immediate medical intervention, preferably before pus begins to appear in the discharge. Experts recommend not only antibiotic effects on the entire body, but also local douching. Usually, gynecologists prescribe ointment: Pimafucin and Miconazole. However, self-regulation of the frequency of application is not recommended. In the initial application, a slight tingling may be felt, but it passes after the ointment is completely absorbed. On average, the course of treatment is from 7 to 10 days. Epigen Spray is also used to relieve itching and burning, which can be used during menstruation.
Experts note an obvious positive effect when taking such drugs as:
- pain medication
- relieving itching and burning cream and ointment.
Practicing doctors recommend combining this therapy with the use of immunostimulating drugs and herbal teas aimed at the general strengthening of the body. So, for example, well helps from thrush decoction Matryona.
As prophylaxis of the described discharge, probiotic preparations are prescribed when taking antibiotics.As well as to prevent the symptom, it is recommended to conduct regular hygiene of the genital organs, avoid accidental unprotected sex, wear cotton underwear, increase the body's resistance to infections and bacteria, and lead a healthy lifestyle.
In the case of protracted, recurrent pathologies aggravated by cottage cheese secretions, the attending physician may recommend that the patient be hospitalized to conduct a full examination of the body and identify the true causes of the disease. You should not refuse this offer, because on an outpatient basis, you can not only quickly determine the true cause, but also receive timely help, many times higher than the quality of home self-treatment.
What is the norm, and what is pathology?
There are several criteria by which discharge from a woman's vagina can be considered physiological. These include:
- liquid or slightly viscous (jelly-like) consistency,
- a small amount - up to one or two tsp. per day,
- no sharp odor (a subtle clean body odor is possible),
- no discomfort, cramps, burning, itching and other signs of damage to the mucous layer of the vaginal wall.
The nature, color and volume of vaginal discharge vary depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. For example, by the middle of the 28-32-day cycle - ovulation - they become much more. In addition, heavy discharge from a healthy woman can occur with:
- severe stress
- abrupt climate change.
Even with an increase in the amount of physiological secretions do not cause discomfort to the woman and leave almost no marks on the gusset of her panties.
According to statistics, the appearance of white cheesy discharge from women is perhaps the most frequent application for an obstetrician-gynecologist. With this symptom faced up to 70% of the fair sex, including absolutely healthy. Often, patients automatically take it for the manifestation of thrush (in scientific language, candidal vaginitis), and use the entire arsenal of tools at hand, ranging from antifungal suppositories to prescriptions for traditional medicine.
But not always cheesy discharge from women is a sign of reproduction of Candida fungi in the vagina. There is an extensive list of problems associated with this symptom, as well as discomfort, irritation of the covering tissue, itching, burning sensation in the field of NGOs, problems during sexual contact.
White cheesy odorless discharge or with a slight sour smell is a classic manifestation of thrush familiar to many, or candida. The main cause of the disease is the conditional pathogens of the human body, the fungi of the genus Candida, which normally populate the genital tract, oral cavity and skin in a small amount. For any violations of the immune system, they are able to actively reproduce, damaging the skin, the mucous epithelium and being the main pathogenetic factor in the development of inflammation.
Thrush often develops in women:
- doing hard physical labor
- subjected to severe stress
- those with severe chronic pathologies or frequent acute respiratory viral infections,
- undergoing intensive antibiotic therapy,
- taking oral contraceptives,
- exhausting themselves diets or, conversely, leaning on sweets, fresh baking,
- during pregnancy.
The clinical picture of the disease depends largely on the severity and duration of the damaging effect of yeast fungi on the mucous membrane. The pathology is characterized by abundant white (milky) cheesy discharge and itching in the vagina, discomfort and pain when performing hygienic procedures, urinating, sexual intercourse. Less often, patients complain of a typical "sour" smell from the genital tract, a white coating on the mucous membrane of the vulva and vagina.
It is interesting. Candidiasis can affect not only the genital tract, but also the skin and mucous membranes throughout the body.
More rarely, white secretions in candidiasis become pinkish. This is usually due to concomitant erosion and fresh (contact) bleeding. Some hormonal changes on the background of thrush can cause a cheesy discharge of brown, almost black color.
Yellow discharge in the form of cottage cheese may have other reasons other than thrush. Sometimes they are the result of infection by pathogenic microorganisms of the internal organs of the reproductive system - the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes.
An acute infectious process is distinguished by bright clinical symptoms: abundant yellow discharge accompanied by fever of the body up to 38.5–40 ° C, lower abdominal pain, severe weakness, and malaise. Possible violations of the menstrual cycle and other manifestations of hormonal failure. After sexual intercourse, unpleasant sensations and cheesy yellowish whites may become more abundant.
When the process is chronized, the main symptoms of inflammation of the uterus or appendages subside, and the woman complains only of the discharge: a yellowish, cheesy or purulent discharge — a greenish color.
Unpleasant-smelling yellow cheesy discharge, which is combined with a strong burning sensation and itchy sensations in the vagina - the likely symptoms of gonorrhea and other STDs. Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection that can affect the reproductive system.
The main cause of the disease is bacterial. Pathogenic bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae — diplococcus with low resistance in the external environment, but highly contagious (infectious) during transmission from person to person, is the causative agent of pathology.
The main way of infection is sexual (genital), but infection with nontraditional types of sex (oral-genital, anal-genital contacts) is also possible. A typical is the defeat of the urogenital gonococcus (genital gonorrhea). Less commonly diagnosed cases of gonorrheal lesions of other internal organs:
- eye mucosa,
The first signs of gonorrhea can be seen 2-14 days after infection. The disease has the following clinical manifestations:
- symptoms of vaginitis - inflammation of the vaginal wall:
cheesy vaginal discharge (with a strong unpleasant odor),
burning sensation, itching,
discomfort, soreness during sexual intercourse.
- symptoms of urethritis - lesions of the urethra:
pale yellow mucopurulent discharge from the urethra,
the appearance of burning, itching pain along the urethra,
- vulvitis — inflammation of the mucous membrane of an NGO — is accompanied by burning, itching in the perineum, swelling, and inflammation of the vulva.
Green or green yellow
Abundant cheesy discharge of a greenish hue is one of the signs of suppurative inflammation of the genital tract. Often this symptom accompanies STIs, including trichomoniasis.
Trichomoniasis (trichomoniasis) is an infection of the urinary tract caused by unicellular protozoa - vaginal trichomonas.
Note! Contrary to popular belief, trichomoniasis is not a sexually transmitted disease, although it is transmitted mainly through sexual contact.
Science knows that trichomoniasis often becomes a companion of other STDs, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, mycoplasmosis. The role of the causative agent in the transmission of HIV is noted. Among the factors that provoke infection vaginal Trichomonas, emit:
- hormonal disorders,
- metabolic disorders,
- lack of vitamins, minerals and nutrients (nutrients) in the body,
- intestinal dysbiosis, bacterial vaginal dysbiosis,
- chronic pelvic inflammatory disease,
The clinical manifestations of the disease largely depend on the amount of the pathogen in the body and the state of the woman’s immune system. In the acute period of trichomoniasis, the patient complains of:
- greenish frothy or curd discharge and itching,
- cramps, burning during and a few minutes after physiological functions,
- pain in the lower abdomen,
- pain during sex.
Chronic inflammation differs erased clinical picture: itching in the vagina subsides, the discharge of pus from the genital tract decreases. Symptoms of infection subside, but the damaging effect of Trichomonas vaginalis extends to the internal genital organs. Untreated trichomoniasis can lead to infertility and other serious complications.
Do not postpone the visit to the specialist
Be sure to consult with the gynecologist if you notice that the character of the whiter has changed. Even cheesy discharge without itching or other unpleasant symptoms is a reason for close observation. And if the “cottage cheese” of white color is accompanied by a burning sensation, a strong smell or pain in the lower abdomen, treatment should be started as soon as possible.
Odorless, cheesy discharge without other complaints is not a disease. This is only a symptom that must be considered in the process of making the correct diagnosis. A standard examination plan for patients suspected of having an infectious process in the urogenital system includes:
Collecting complaints and anamnesis. Especially important is the information about the possible connection of the appearance of discharge with:
- Unprotected sex, change of sexual partner,
- Personal hygiene (changing the means for washing, frequent douching, the use of antimicrobial vaginal forms of drugs - tablets and suppositories),
- Acute and exacerbation of chronic diseases,
- Being pregnant
- Endocrine diseases.
To clarify the exact cause of pathological secretions, a number of laboratory and instrumental tests are assigned:
- microscopic and microbiological examination of the biomaterial - vaginal smears,
- bakposev smear on sensitivity to AB and other drugs,
- oncocytology test,
- Ultrasound study of internal genital organs,
- serological tests for STDs (ELISA, PCR).
We treat the disease, not its symptoms
After a successful diagnosis, the doctor draws up a treatment plan aimed at eliminating the infection and reducing the effects of inflammation. In this case, it is not the individual symptoms that are to be treated, but the disease as a whole.
Note! In order for the treatment to be effective, the prescription of the doctor must comply with both sexual partners.
In the treatment of vaginal candidiasis to the forefront are:
- Specific antifungal agents (Clotrimazole, Flucanazole). For light and moderate forms of the disease, local forms are used - candles, vaginal tablets, ointments. Severe thrush - an indication for the appointment of tablets forms of antimycotics.
- Antiseptic agents. For complex control of opportunistic fungi, it is recommended to wash with antiseptic solutions - Furacilin, Chlorhexidine, Tsiteal.
- Restorative and immunostimulating agents. All patients with candidiasis are shown a complete balanced diet, vitamin therapy, fresh air, interferon preparations (Viferon, Anaferon, etc.).
Treatment of STDs consists in prescribing antibacterial (usually effective one-time regimens are used), anti-inflammatory and antiseptic agents. In this case, the composition and duration of therapy is determined by the dermatovenerologist individually for each patient, taking into account the sensitivity of the inoculated flora to drugs. Comprehensive treatment of vaginal candidiasis, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis and nonspecific inflammatory diseases of the uterus with appendages will quickly get rid of cheesy discharge and other unpleasant symptoms of a urogenital lesion.
The reason for cheesy discharge in women
The main cause of yellow curd discharge, accompanied by smell and other symptoms, is a violation of the vaginal microflora. The most common disease associated with impaired activity of bacteria and fungi is candidiasis or thrush.
According to statistics, this disease is faced by three-quarters of all women living on the globe. The causative agent of candidiasis is the fungus of the genus Candida, which is normally present in the composition of the microflora of the vagina. Under the influence of some factors, their activity may be disturbed, as a result of which the thrush disease develops.
The main factors leading to the development of candidiasis, usually include the following:
- Violations of immunity, body defenses. In many women, the disease begins to develop after a cold or colds, other infectious diseases. This can be called one of the most obvious and common causes of the disease.
- Irrational, misuse of antibiotics and hormonal drugs. These funds should be taken strictly according to the instructions or on the recommendation of a doctor, because they can lead to violations of the microflora.
- Wearing too tight, tight linen, especially if it is made of artificial materials. Improperly selected underwear often leads to rubbing, the occurrence of contact dermatitis, the accession of infection.
- Irrational hygiene of the vulva and vagina. This may include excessive douching, which normally is not required at all due to the vaginal's ability to clean itself, washing with soap and products that are not suitable for intimate hygiene, wearing poor-quality daily panty liners, too rare a change of pads.
- Intestinal dysbiosis, other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, organs of the genitourinary system.
- Pregnancy. When pregnancy under the influence of hormones and for a number of other reasons, there may be a violation of microflora.
Important! Establishing the exact cause of the disease is usually important in order to find the most appropriate treatment.
Cheesy discharge and odor are not the only symptoms that occur with candidiasis. To better understand whether the condition is normal, or if there are any problems, you need to pay attention to the following symptoms:
- cheesy discharge and itching occur simultaneously, accompanied by a burning sensation, other unpleasant sensations, which are aggravated by sexual intercourse or urination,
- on the area of the external genital organs, on the mucous membranes, a whitish cheesy bloom occurs, there is a red border around, its removal leads to the formation of erosion.
Candidiasis is not a health hazard, it usually only indicates existing problems with the immune system. However, it is worth considering that when thrush increases the likelihood of developing other infectious lesions, the disease can often recur, if not get rid of its underlying cause.
The treatment is quite simple, especially if it turns out to establish the exact cause. Various preparations in the form of candles and creams, gels are used, preparations for intake can be applied. To avoid recurrence of thrush after treatment, it is advised to go on a diet that limits the amount of fermentation products in the diet, eliminates allergens that can affect the course of the disease.
Folk remedies need to be used with caution, it is highly undesirable to carry out vaginal douching, the internal microflora should not be disturbed. Infusions of various medicinal herbs can be used with a soothing mucous effect, which can be washed off during treatment in order to remove itching and irritation.
Other causes of curd discharge
In addition to candidiasis, other infections, such as mycoplasma and chlamydia, can cause this symptom to occur. In this case, the occurrence of cheesy secretion is usually accompanied by a pronounced unpleasant smell, it may resemble the smell of rotten fish. To accurately determine the cause of this symptom, you need to consult a doctor and make a smear, to conduct a number of other studies.
Pink cheesy discharge may indicate the presence of a noticeable irritation of the mucous membrane, during which the discharge of blood occurs. This symptom should alarm, it can talk about a running infection, if it occurs, you should immediately contact a gynecologist.
However, it is worth noting that the presence of blood in a secret can be the norm at the beginning of menstruation or at the end. When analyzing the symptoms in any case, you must pay attention to the day of the cycle.
1. Why are the highlights?
Fungi of the genus Candida (Candida) inhabit the mucous membrane of the vagina in 30% of women around the world, and also form part of the normal microflora of the oral cavity and intestines.
In the presence of provoking factors, favorable conditions are created for their reproduction. In women, this process is characterized by the occurrence of itchy, odorless, white, cheesy vaginal discharge.
Most diseases of the body that affect the immune system, can lead to vulvovaginal candidiasis.
1.1. Hormonal adjustment
In women, it is impossible to distinguish a period when the hormonal background is in relative peace. In the reproductive age, there is a natural cyclical variation in the content of estrogen, progesterone and other sex hormones. Therefore, monthly can become a natural provocateur candidiasis.
The gestation period is a hormonal storm. The concentration of progesterone increases constantly, which leads to a decrease in local immunity. Это необходимая мера, которая направлена на уменьшение сократимости матки и защиту плода, состоящего на 50% из чужого генетического материала.It is during this period that thrush often recurs.
1.2. Endocrine pathologies
Diabetes mellitus, hyper- and hypothyroidism, dyshormonal states are also accompanied by a violation of local immunity. Diabetes is called one of the main diseases of modern society, almost always his companion is candidiasis of the mucous membranes and skin.
It affects not only the mucosa of the vagina, but also the skin under the breast, in the armpits, in the groin area. In such patients, candidiasis is treated hard, disease control is directly related to the level of glucose in the blood.
1.3. Non-compliance with personal hygiene
Lifestyle largely determines the state of health, so when white, opaque secretions resembling cottage cheese appear, it is necessary to reconsider the approaches to personal hygiene:
- 1 Discard flavored daily sanitary pads.
- 2 Wear linen from natural cotton fabrics, which allows the body to "breathe."
- 3 Do not use perfumed cosmetic products for washing.
- 4 There is evidence that frequent epilation of the intimate area also increases the risk of thrush (5).
- 5 Stop douching.
The type of underwear also matters. Many women consider thongs suitable for permanent wear. However, wearing of this type of panties is often accompanied by excessive friction, which contributes to the transfer of infection from the perianal area into the vagina.
Unreasonable douching is a dangerous exercise. In the normal state, the flora of douching leads to the development of dysbiosis (dysbiosis).
In some cases, the use of contraceptives leads to thrush. The cause may be the intrauterine device, spermicidal agents, and according to some data, and OK (tablets).
2. Other risk factors
Long-term illness depletes the body: vitamins are consumed, there may be a deficiency of protein, which is necessary for the production of immunoglobulins - factors of immune protection. Severe pathologies are treated with drugs that can directly affect the state of the immune system.
Antibiotics are not selective enough. Together with pathogens, they inhibit the normal vaginal flora.
Antibiotics do not affect fungus. Therefore, candidates fill the vacant niche. Women note that cheesy discharge often appears after a course of antibiotic therapy (up to 28-30% of women). Chemotherapy or radiation therapy for cancer have a similar effect.
Immunosuppression occurs with prolonged treatment with systemic and local glucocorticosteroids. Therefore, autoimmune diseases may be accompanied by chronic secretions from the genital tract.
Perineal tears, the short distance between the vaginal opening and the anus are also among the risk factors for recurrent candidiasis. A definite role is given to changing the sexual partner. Men rarely suffer from candidiasis, but act as carriers of the fungus.
Irrational diet can provoke recurrences of thrush. Therefore, women who have experienced this pathology should not abuse the following products:
- 1 Sweets. It was noted that women who consume refined sugars in large quantities are more likely to suffer from chronic recurrent thrush. Reducing their consumption reduces the number of relapses.
- 2 Yeast pastries, muffins, cheeses, kefir and other dairy products based on fungi. For their production, fungi saccharomycetes are used, which are involved in fermentation processes and have a certain antagonism with lactic acid bacteria, reducing their amount in the intestine. This question requires more detailed study and full research.
4. Additional symptoms
White cheesy discharge does not appear in isolation. They are combined with additional signs that may increase and cause pronounced discomfort:
- 1 Itching and burning, which usually appear before the first discharge. Signs are observed not only in the vagina, but also in the area of the vulva and urethra. Less frequently, the skin of the perineum is involved in the process.
- 2 Dry vagina provokes dyspareunia - painful sensations during intercourse.
- 3 Swelling of the vulva, redness.
- 4 Discharge from the vagina at the beginning of the disease is insignificant, white in color, gradually increasing and becoming abundant, with small grains, lumps and flakes, in the form of cottage cheese. They are odorless, sometimes have a sour flavor.
5. Treatment and prevention of recurrence.
Independent uncontrolled treatment is considered one of the reasons for the transition of the acute form of candidiasis to chronic. To avoid this, you must visit a gynecologist to clarify the diagnosis.
A smear on the flora will help identify fungi, indirectly characterizes the state of the vaginal biocenosis, will help to choose the right treatment. With frequent relapses, bakposev discharge is required, clarification of the type of candida and their sensitivity to drugs.
Current approaches to therapy involve the use of Butoconazole 2% in the form of a vaginal cream. It is produced under the trade name "Ginofort". This treatment is not suitable for future mothers.
In the early stage of pregnancy, the use of any antifungal agent requires consulting a doctor and assessing the risk factors for the fetus. From the second trimester and at a later date, the use of Clotrimazole, Pimafucin suppositories is allowed.
Among other drugs for acute thrush in non-pregnant approved for use:
- 1 Miconazole (Ginesol 7), vaginal cream and suppositories,
- 2 Clotrimazole, vaginal suppositories, tablets and cream,
- 3 Terconazole (not registered in the Russian Federation),
- 4 Econazole (Gino-Pevaril), candles and cream.
- 5 A single dose of fluconazole and itraconazole tablets (capsules).
Chronic recurrent candidiasis can be treated with Fluconazole (capsules, orally, orally, the trade names Diflusionon, Diflucan, Flucostat). Apply and local vaginal antifungal drugs (Miconazole, Clotrimazole). The initial treatment in this case is at least 2 weeks. After that, anti-relapse therapy is prescribed for 6 months (vaginal suppositories Clotrimazole, Pimafucin, capsules — Fluconazole).
Symptoms that accompany the appearance of cheesy discharge, bring pronounced discomfort, so you can not postpone the trip to the doctor. The course of therapy does not require hospitalization. All necessary activities are carried out at home.
This is how the odorless, cheesy discharge on the photo looks like
White cheesy discharge from the vagina with a view of the curd mass should alarm the woman. Their manifestation is not the norm, indicating some deviations in the work of the urinogenital system. Often the problem is thrush, it is candida. Such a pathology is not terrible, does not carry a serious threat to health. The main thing is to cure her in time.
Unscented thrush and itching are often the reason for not being intimate with a partner. This is caused by severe discomfort in the genital area. As a rule, itching does not subside, but only increases after intercourse.
Odorless cheesy discharge occurs in mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis. In this case, there is a gray tint.
With itching and burning
Itching and burning may appear already in the presence of an infectious disease - urogenital trichomoniasis. Vaginitis contributes to the appearance of frothy discharge with an unpleasant odor. If the pathology is chronic, then abundant discharge will be yellow or light. The consistency is thick. In this disease, the woman is worried about intolerable itching in the crotch.
Urogenital candidiasis. This is an inflammatory process in which there is also a burning, itching. The culprit of the development of these signs - Candida fungus. Female excretions will be thick, white. The disease causes pain and cramps when emptying the bladder.
With a sour smell
Beli with the smell of sour milk is a reason to consult a gynecologist. The manifestation of white discharge with an unpleasant odor is accompanied by itching, a change in shade. The amount of "sour cream" with a sour smell on underwear can be abundant.
A similar process signals inflammation of the vaginal mucosa. Sour whites - a reason to check the female urinary system.
If whites with the smell arose during pregnancy, it is a reason to visit the doctor, so as not to harm the fetus.
Cheesy greenish discharge speaks of purulent infection. They are also green with a yellow tinge. In this case, the microbial environment affects the vaginal mucosa. All symptoms indicate the development of genital infection - trichomoniasis. Besides him, there are other possible, mixed etiology.
Thrush does not pose a serious danger to the body. But its presence causes discomfort.
- Nocturnal itch
- Rinse with warm water
- Dirty laundry
The above symptoms lead to neurosis, nervous system disorders. In addition, the usefulness of intimate life is violated.
The gynecologist will tell you how to treat the discharges arising against the “work” of Candida mushrooms. The basis of drug therapy are antifungal drugs. Their task is to associate the desired substance with fungi, which will be embedded in their membrane and destroy it.
The first degree of severity. The mild form of thrush is treated with local remedies. To do this, use:
If the composition will be Nystatin, Miconazole, the disease will disappear in a week. Modern drugs, such as Betadine, Pimafucin, will relieve candidiasis in a couple of days.
With a tendency to dysbiosis assigned funds that do not affect the vaginal flora. For example, Klion-D, Pimafucin. Violate the vaginal environment can Terzhinan, Polygynax. Prescribed carefully, taking into account the history.
Candles set on waking, before bedtime. It should be inserted as deep as possible. After the procedure, it is recommended to lie for 15–20 minutes so that the suppository is dissolved. In the course of treatment, it is impossible to live intimate life.
Second degree of severity. With more advanced disease, whites will be abundant. Therapy with oral antifungal agents.
The first option is taken once. If a relapse occurs on the background of the chronicle of the disease, then the drugs are prescribed 1 p. / Week. Therapy continues for more than 60 days. During this time it is important to be monitored by a gynecologist.
Modern drugs are composed of echinocandin. We are talking about the following tools:
The latter type is administered intravenously in severe pathological process.
Treatment of thrush and elimination of cheesy discharge is carried out comprehensively.
Before taking the pill, a woman needs to wash under hypoallergenic soap. Do not use conventional means, they will aggravate the situation. Linen must be cotton. It is recommended to drink the capsule only after hygiene procedures. On the same day, in the evening, it is desirable to introduce a suppository. He must also be prescribed by a doctor.
If the cheesy discharge occurs again after treatment, then it can be said that the disease will be chronic. A second course of therapy and prophylaxis is prescribed.
After re-taking the medication, you will need to take pills as a preventive measure and use candles at the same time. In addition, you need to follow a diet - less sweet, flour.
It is necessary to treat candidiasis both for the woman and her partner.
Any treatment method of the people is recommended after the approval of a specialist. Inadequate approach to pathological processes in the body often leads to chronic disease. This factor is sometimes the culprit of female secondary infertility.
If a woman decided to get rid of her whiter cheeses on her own, there are several options. At the same time, you need to know and understand that the effect of popular treatment will be local and ineffective. Especially, if candidiasis has passed to the chronic stage.
In severe cases it is better to resort to drug therapy:
- In pharmacies for such treatment, you can purchase a gynecological collection. Drink before eating twice a day. Sprinkle once per 24 hours. To obtain the broth you need to dilute 3 spoons of the mass with a liter of warm liquid.
- Chamomile and calendula are suitable for douching. Together, they relieve inflammation, disinfect. 4 large spoons of herbs pour hot water, boil for a minute. Insist about 2 hours. Cool it down. Douching is carried out in the morning and evening.
- To make a local bath, you need 1 small. spoon alum, boric acid, copper sulfate. It is sold in pharmacies. The mass is poured boiling water, infused in the dark, dry for 2 days. Use 1 time per 24 hours. To hold a "bath event" you need to fill a 5-liter basin with warm water, add 5 teaspoons of solution to it. Sit a few minutes.
- For therapeutic washing, you will need oak bark, nettle, train, lavender in the ratio 3: 2: 1,5: 1. A large spoonful of collection is poured with a glass of boiling water, infused for 5-6 hours. At the end of the time, another 200 grams of water is added. Broth should cool.
- Not less popular are tampons created to restore the vaginal microflora. To prepare a tampon, you will need gauze, kefir, string. Gauze is folded in accordion, wetted in kefir. Before this, a rope is sewn to the fabric. The tampon is injected before bedtime, remains inside until the morning awakening.
- It is also useful to drink broths. For example, from juniper, eucalyptus, chamomile, sage. It is necessary to take 1 part of herbs, dip in boiling water. The ratio of 2 large spoons of plants per liter of water. Insist, consume 40 ml three times a day. Such a decoction is suitable for baths.
In order to reduce the risk of developing infections and inflammatory processes, a woman should monitor her immune system, support the vaginal microflora, and not have sex with different partners.
Take medication as prescribed by a doctor, avoiding self-treatment. In addition to basic recommendations, you need to eat right. Should abandon sweets and pastries.
White cheesy discharge
Abundant cheesy discharge, triggered by fungal microflora, often have a white color. Sometimes they are the only symptom of the disease, but more often they are joined by other unpleasant subjective symptoms.
Why does the small fungal microflora that lives on the mucous membranes suddenly begin to multiply rapidly and provoke an inflammatory process?
Vaginal biocenosis represents a huge number (over 40 species) of microorganisms. They unite in groups (microbial associations) and occupy their small niches, for each woman there is a unique set of microbes as part of such associations.
However, despite the diversity of the vaginal microflora, in healthy women it always has two important constants - the microbial ratio and the acidity of the medium (or pH).
Normally, lactobacilli dominate the vaginal mucosa (98%). They synthesize lactic acid and maintain acidity at this level (3.8 - 4.5), which does not allow other microorganisms to multiply and displace them. Thus, the mucous membranes are protected from unwanted infections and inflammation.
The remaining 2% accounts for opportunistic microbes: anaerobic cocci, mycoplasmas, ureaplasmas, corynebacteria, staphylococci, streptococci, and many others. Yeast-like fungi are also present among opportunistic microflora.
If the vaginal microenvironment maintains numerical equilibrium, the mucous does not threaten anything, since its inherent level of acidity inhibits the growth of undesirable microbes. If, for any reason, the required numerical advantage of lactoflora disappears, opportunistic microorganisms begin to multiply and become pathogenic, that is, capable of provoking local inflammation. If in such a situation the fungal flora vegetates strongly, thick white cheesy discharges appear.
Thus, the causes of white cheesy discharge are always associated with impaired normal vaginal microenvironment. However, it is worth noting that not any undesirable change in microbial equilibrium ends with an inflammatory process. If the immune defense mechanisms are not damaged, the mucous membranes are able to cope with the situation on their own.
Yellow cheesy discharge
When the normal vaginal microenvironment changes, along with fungal microflora, other conditionally pathogenic microorganisms may overgrow. In this situation, they can either suppress the growth of fungi, or unite with them in association. If not only the fungal infection is involved in the inflammation, the appearance and consistency of the cheesy discharge may change.
The color of the cheesy discharge is also often affected by the nature of the inflammation. Acute fungal inflammation is characterized by abundant white cheesy discharge, when the infectious process becomes chronic, the leucorrhoea may turn yellow.
Sometimes patients, pointing to the yellow cheesy discharge, mean traces on the laundry. It should be noted that speaking of the color of secretions, doctors mean only “fresh”, flowing from the vagina, leucorrhoea. White cheesy discharges after prolonged contact with air often turn yellow and remain so on linen.
Yellow cheesy discharges can appear on the background of a specific inflammation, that is, when causative agents of genital infections, such as trichomoniasis and gonorrhea, enter the vaginal mucosa from the outside. They disturb the natural vaginal balance and provoke the growth of fungi. A specific inflammation in the mucous membranes is also accompanied by pain, discomfort, urination disturbance, burning sensation in the vulva area or itching.
Sometimes after a yellow discharge, green cheesy discharge appears, indicating purulent inflammation.
Odorless curd cheese
The “classic” curd discharges accompanying a fungal infection have a slight sourish odor.
However, the cheesy discharge with smell does not necessarily indicate that the source of infectious inflammation is exclusively yeast-like fungi. A sharp, stale “fishy” smell in cheesy secretions may appear after Candida association with trichomonads or gardnerella, such a combination of infections occurs in 20% of patients with fungal inflammation. At the same time, whites become even more abundant, acquire a yellow-green shade, and may foam.
Contrary to the mistaken opinion of many patients, curd discharge of fungal origin does not always provoke a pronounced odor. Its presence is largely determined by the composition of the vaginal microflora and the local level of acidity. The less they deviate from the norm, the smaller the smell of curd whiter.
Also, the nature of the inflammation itself affects the severity of the smell of cheesy discharge. As a rule, exacerbations of a chronic fungal infection not only do not imply the presence of odor in the secretions, sometimes the leucorias themselves do not change much - they can outwardly look like “normal” and differ from them only in quantity.
Odorless cheesy discharge and itching may also be associated with another, non-fungal infection. Therefore, self-diagnosis, and even more self-treatment, cheesy discharge is unpromising. Often, several pathogens are involved in inflammation, and it is impossible to eradicate the disease permanently using only antifungal agents.
Cheesy discharge during pregnancy
Pregnancy is considered one of the physiological causes of the appearance of cheesy discharge. Nearly 50% of pregnant mushrooms sow from the discharge of the vagina, and 30% have complaints of cheesy discharge with odor, vaginal discomfort, burning sensation and / or pronounced itching in the vagina. Dysuric phenomena are possible. Most often, these symptoms appear at the beginning and before the end of pregnancy, that is, the third trimester.
The clinical picture of Candida mucous membrane damage in pregnant women is ambiguous. Sometimes the presence of fungal microflora is limited only by the cheesy secretions without concomitant subjective manifestations, asymptomatic infectious inflammation is also possible.
How does pregnancy provoke the growth of fungal flora? Lactobacilli for normal functioning use glycogen, which is extracted from the surface mucous layer of the vagina. The vaginal epithelium is very sensitive to hormonal changes in the body, so the natural hormonal imbalance of pregnant women leads to the accumulation of glycogen mucous membranes. According to the feedback mechanism, excess glycogen leads to a decrease in the number of lactoflora and a change in pH, that is, there are comfortable conditions for the growing season of fungal associations. The immune system of pregnant women is overloaded and unable to correct the current negative situation on its own, therefore the fungi cause infectious inflammation.
Cheesy secretions in pregnant women often do not threaten their health, however, in conditions of impaired immune protection, the fungi are able to move towards the developing fetus, therefore, the fungal infection must be cured in a timely manner.
Treatment of cheesy discharge
Cheesy discharge from women always indicates trouble in the vaginal mucosa. Therefore, their appearance requires a detailed examination and treatment. The sooner the therapy begins, the higher the chances of a cure. Over a long period (over two months), continuing cheesy discharge often indicates chronic infectious inflammation, which is much more difficult to cope with.
Therapeutic tactics depend on which microorganisms are involved in the development of pathology. If yeast-like fungi are the basis of inflammation, antimycotics form the basis of the treatment — antifungal antibiotics.
An acute fungal infection is localized on the surface of the mucous membranes, so local treatment is well suited to eliminate it. Vaginal suppositories are used (ketoconazole, muconazole, nystatin and the like), creams and ointments (Pimafucin, Miconazole and analogues). The effect of local therapy is comparable to that when taking antibiotics inside. As a rule, a week after topical treatment, the cheesy discharge and the infection itself disappear.
It is impossible to cope with chronic cheesy secretions with the help of local preparations, because the infection is localized deeply and local means will not “get it”. In such cases, doctors resort to systemic therapy, that is, to preformed antifungal drugs (Fluconazole, Nystatin, Intraconazole, and analogs). Perhaps a combination of local and systemic therapy.
If other microorganisms participate in the basis of inflammation, the treatment is supplemented with appropriate means. Also in the treatment course includes drugs that relieve pain, itching and discomfort in the vagina, reducing inflammation. In a chronic process, it is necessary to “help” the immune system to cope with infection, for which vitamins and immunomodulators are used.
Unfortunately, sometimes (usually after 1-3 months), cheesy discharges reappear, which indicates a relapse of infection. The best quality prevention of relapse is the timely treatment of cheesy discharge.
Cheesy consistency in this disease appears in the whiter as a result of the fermentation process that occurs under the influence of yeast fungi. Candida fungi, like some other microorganisms, are part of the vaginal microflora of any healthy woman. They begin to multiply vigorously if favorable conditions appear (a decrease in immunity or a change in acidity in the vagina).
The main factors contributing to the pathological reproduction of Candida fungi are:
- metabolic disorders, for example, in diabetes mellitus,
- uncontrolled use of antibiotics and other drugs that kill good bacteria,
- use of unsuitable hygiene products
- frequent douching, reducing the content of lactobacilli,
- abuse of sweets, products from yeast dough,
- inflammatory diseases of the urinary organs,
- hormonal changes (during pregnancy, treatment with hormones or the use of hormonal contraceptives),
- wearing synthetic underwear.
When thrush is abundant cheesy discharge from women are the cause of itching and burning in the genitals, frequent and painful urination, pain during sexual intercourse.
Such discharge with a sour odor occurs in women in the acute phase of the disease, when fungi affect the outer layer of the mucous membrane. If the fungi grow into the deeper layers of the epithelium, the disease becomes chronic, the cells of the upper layers are renewed. This is expressed in the fact that the nature of the discharge changes: the consistency is cheesy, but there is no smell.
Symptoms of thrush can worsen in women before menstruation, when drastic changes in the ratio of sex hormones occur. Due to these changes, the acidity of the vagina is reduced, which leads to a sharp aggravation of candidiasis.
The appearance of such secretions during pregnancy is also abnormal and means that the woman has thrush. The cause of the development of a fungal disease in this case is a decrease in immunity and a hormonal shift in the body. With timely treatment, the disease passes quickly and without consequences. Self-medication to engage in such a state is extremely dangerous.
Causes of Cheesy Discharge
Odorless cheesy discharges in women appear as a result of disturbances in the intimate microflora, changes in the acid-base vaginal environment (pH). As a result, vaginal candidiasis (thrush) develops, caused by a sharp increase in yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida albicans. To provoke their growth can:
- Reduced immunity
- Independent long-term use of antibiotics,
- Hormonal and endocrine disorders,
- A sharp increase in body weight
- Gynecological diseases
- Dermatitis of the skin (cuts, abrasions) in the region of the external genital organs,
- Frequent change of sexual partners, contacts without contraception,
- Prolonged use of oral contraceptives
- Intestinal problems, emptying it, parasitic infection,
- Long wearing tight synthetic underwear,
- Congestion in the pelvis,
- Inadequate hygiene intimate zone,
- Abuse of strong alcoholic beverages, bakery products made from high-grade flour, sweet pastry, strong coffee, spicy spices and spices.
Cheesy discharge, provoked by the above reasons, can go on their own without treatment, excluding the reasons for their occurrence. To exclude infection, it is recommended to be examined by a gynecologist, who can determine the exact reason for the appearance of whiter and prescribe treatment for odorless and itchy cheesy discharge.
Types of excretion in women
Cheesy discharge may acquire color, smell, the presence of associated symptoms (discomfort, itching, burning sensation in the intimate area).
White discharge - Beli, vaginal candidiasis. Accompanied by itching and burning sensation in the vagina, pain and increased itching during sexual intercourse, after urination. Haze-white, cheesy discharge may indicate the presence of such diseases as:
When the above infections discharge may be accompanied by an unpleasant smell, whitish cheesy plaque in the vagina and external genitals.
Often pregnant women suffer from secretions of a white, curd consistency. It is important to seek medical advice in time to eliminate the possibility of infection of the fetus.
Yellow. Discharges with a yellowish tint are unnatural for the female body and indicate the course of the inflammatory process. If you find such discharge without smell, you should immediately consult a gynecologist. Yellow discharge can indicate the presence of pathological microorganisms in the body and such diseases as:
- Vaginitis, salpingitis,
- Cervical erosion,
- Gonorrhea, chlamydia.
After completing a full examination and taking all the necessary tests and smears, the doctor will be able to confirm or exclude the aforementioned diseases, as well as prescribe proper treatment for a speedy recovery.
Green highlights indicate a purulent infectious inflammatory process in the female reproductive system. Pathogenic microflora affects the entire area of the vaginal mucosa, as a rule, is accompanied by itching and abundant secretions with a green tint. Examination by a gynecologist and delivery of necessary smears and blood tests for HIV and TORCH infection are required to exclude such diseases as:
Extremely rarely green secretions can be observed during pregnancy, low immunity, allergic reactions to certain hormonal drugs. In such cases, they are accompanied by severe itching, a burning sensation in the groin area.
This is the name of a disease in which epithelial cell destruction occurs that is not associated with the inflammatory process. If candidiasis occurs when there is a shortage of lactic acid bacteria, then the disease, on the contrary, is the result of an excessive increase in their number.
Abnormal reproduction of these bacteria can occur when microorganisms of other species enter the vaginal environment, when the competition for survival begins between them. Increasing the concentration of lactic acid and hydrogen peroxide, produced by lactic acid bacteria, leads to corrosive (cytolysis) mucous membranes. Symptoms of cytolytic vaginosis and thrush are similar. The discharge in this type of vaginosis has the appearance of white curd lumps.
When does the color of a selection change?
Often, in addition to Candida fungi, other microorganisms that cause co-infections are found in the pathological microflora. In this case, the discharge may change color or smell.
Ureaplasmosis. With this disease, the inflammation of the vagina is caused by the bacteria of the ureaplasma. Infection occurs mainly through sexual contact. Infection can also be congenital. If ureaplasmosis occurs against the background of candidiasis, then the cheesy discharge appears yellowish and unpleasant odor. The consequences of ureaplasmosis in women are inflammation in the uterus and appendages, the formation of kidney stones.
Chlamydia - damage to the organs of the genitourinary system chlamydia. The infection penetrates the vagina during sexual contact, it affects the urogenital organs. Unlike other similar diseases, chlamydia in women is asymptomatic, it is found only at the stage of complications. Discharges have an unpleasant odor.
Mycoplasmosis. Cheesy secretions are colored yellow, if a woman has not only Candida fungi, but also mycoplasmas at the same time. Unlike thrush, infection of which is possible both sexually and in the home, mycoplasmosis is a venereal disease. Infection is transmitted from one partner to another during intercourse.
Note: White discharge may turn yellow due to oxidation in air, but in the presence of mycoplasmosis, they are initially yellow.
Bacterial vaginosis. White cheesy discharge characteristic of candidiasis can acquire a greenish-gray color and an unpleasant fishy smell if gardnerella or other causative agents of this disease begin to develop along with candida fungi. The causes of pathological reproduction of Gardnerell are the same as in fungi: lack of lactic acid bacteria in the microflora. Gardnerellosis (vaginal dysbiosis) can not be infected through bedding or other household methods. The appearance of dysbacteriosis is facilitated by the change in microflora that occurs when changing sexual partners.
Trichomoniasis - venereal disease. Its causative agent is Trichomonas - unicellular organisms that affect the organs of the genitourinary system. When trichomoniasis to the cheesy discharge join foamy purulent.
A warning: Cheesy discharge of any kind is a pathology. Do not delay the visit to the doctor when they appear. The consequences can seriously complicate a woman’s health.