High hemoglobin in menopause


From school we know that hemoglobin (HB) is a respiratory blood pigment, a protein that contains iron in its structure, and is itself located in red blood cells called red blood cells. Its role in our body is narrowly specific, but it is very important.

Hemoglobin transports oxygen to all tissues and organs, takes carbon dioxide from them and transfers it to the lungs for "exhalation." At the same time, physicians emphasize the exceptional importance of this process, since as a result of its violation anemia or anemia develops, the extreme manifestations of which are incompatible with life. This is especially true for women and children. Based on the above, it seems that a high level of hemoglobin in the blood is good. However, this is not true.

High hemoglobin - a rare phenomenon, but it is quite dangerous. Normally, hemoglobin levels are different for everyone, but always correspond to the parameters of the optimal state of a person. For men, the rate is 135–169 g / l, for women - 120–140 g / l, and for children it depends on age and ranges from 145–225 g / l in the first three days of life to 120–160 g / l at 16 years old. Increased hemoglobin in a child is often caused by a simple excess of vitamin C or iron, which is ingested with food and adjusted by proper nutrition. In men, high hemoglobin is very much caused by smoking, which changes the composition of the blood, increasing the number of red blood cells in it and reducing the amount of oxygen, or alcohol, causing damage to the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, while disrupting the absorption of folic acid and vitamin B12, which are responsible for blood formation . Women are still more interesting. Increased hemoglobin is found in women less often, the most common reason for its increase is considered to be physical exertion or permanent residence high in the mountains, where more hemoglobin is required for transporting diluted air to the lungs than usual. If everything is normal with the place of residence, then most often the “female” hemoglobin rises due to pregnancy. The cultivation of multivitamin complexes that cause a glut of the future mother's body with iron is to blame. The cause of high hemoglobin may be banal dehydration. However, all of the above reasons are fairly "harmless."

Why is high hemoglobin a cause for excitement?

This pathology is not so life-threatening, but it is absolutely not the norm for a healthy person. In other words, sometimes elevated hemoglobin may be the only, but at the same time a very reliable sign of the disease. There are diseases in which the number of erythrocytes decreases, and the level of hemoglobin increases, and there are those when the level of hemoglobin and the number of erythrocytes increase simultaneously. This happens against the background of cardiovascular or pulmonary insufficiency, when the body is forced to increase red blood cell production to compensate for the lack of oxygen in the tissues due to poor performance of the heart and lungs. Or in case of intestinal obstruction, cancer, erythrocytosis, when for one reason or another, the production of erythropoietin, a hormone that stimulates the formation of red blood cells, increases. The same can happen if you take special drugs that stimulate the production of red blood cells. In addition, high hemoglobin is observed in bone marrow dysfunction.

By the way, a high level of hemoglobin in professional athletes is one of the signs of doping and a reason for disqualification.

What worries a woman with elevated hemoglobin?

The biggest trouble can be called the appearance of long and painful periods. Symptoms of increased hemoglobin, as a rule, include sleep disorders, worsening of general well-being, and redness of the skin. In parallel, there is an increase in blood pressure and a change in blood viscosity, which in turn leads to thrombosis of blood vessels, the formation of cholesterol plaques and, as a result, to an acute violation of cerebral circulation or myocardial infarction.

The closest attention to the state of hemoglobin level makes it possible to diagnose and, most importantly, correct the level of respiratory pigment in the blood in time. Before implementing a whole set of measures to reduce the concentration of hemoglobin, it is necessary to confirm the diagnosis with a blood test. High hemoglobin is diagnosed with an increase in the norm by 20 g / l and more.

How to adjust hemoglobin level?

The level of hemoglobin is corrected, first of all, by diet - by sharply limiting proteins and iron of animal origin in the daily diet of a person. What exactly are they contained? In red meat, liver, seafood, cereal porridge, red berries, pomegranate and walnuts. In the case of elevated hemoglobin, preference is given to cottage cheese, legumes, raw vegetables and fermented milk products. Often only this is enough to bring the hemoglobin level back to normal. In addition, you must completely give up alcohol, because in combination with iron, it promotes the production of harmful substances in the body that destroy the liver, and stimulates the absorption of iron, which further increases the level of hemoglobin in the blood. It should be noted that some dietary supplements and multivitamins containing iron also provoke an increase in hemoglobin levels, as well as vitamin C, often recommended as an antioxidant.

In addition to the diet and drug therapy is used drugs that reduce blood viscosity. They even use leeches that are able to correct hemoglobin levels to normal for the next 5–6 months. Apply and erythrophoresis - manipulation aimed at removing from the bloodstream "extra" red blood cells. But this serious procedure is used extremely rarely and only for health reasons. In addition, doctors advise to drink as much fluid as possible, especially in summer, and limit the consumption of sweets, since all this also affects the "density" of blood. At least 50 ml of water per kilogram of body weight should be consumed per day. It is especially difficult for women to part with sweets, but nothing can be done; you will have to replace candies and chocolates with fresh or dried fruit. The diet, as well as the complete treatment program, is always strictly individual, therefore it is prepared exclusively by your doctor. The general recommendation for all of us is still a healthy lifestyle, which has recently become a very good tone!

The role of hemoglobin for a woman at the age of menopause

Hemoglobin is a protein component of the blood that contains iron and carries oxygen to different tissues of the body. He participates in many life-supporting chemical reactions, therefore his norm is important at every age. With menopause, it is 117-138 g / l.

Reduction or increase in hemoglobin is undesirable. The latter at the age of menopause is observed more often, as the metabolism slows down, many other processes change due to the suppression of ovarian function and the decrease in the amount of hormones they emit.

However, at the premenopausal stage, when the concentration of substances varies, the hemoglobin index is also uneven. But this is the only good reason why its values ​​may not always correspond to the norm. If high hemoglobin is found in women with menopause for a long time, this is very serious.

How does the increase in menopause

Climax significantly changes overall health. There are periodic bouts of fever, sweating, nervousness, insomnia. All this is similar to the signs of exceeding the hemoglobin rate, which experts describe as follows:

  • Somnological disorders. Mostly it is a constant drowsiness, when a long rest does not improve the condition. But there may be difficulties in falling asleep,
  • High blood pressure. Thick blood more intensely affects the vessels, makes it difficult to move,
  • Discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes. It is either unnaturally bright, or, on the contrary, pale,
  • Headaches, vestibular disorders,
  • Quick fatigue, lethargy,
  • Weak, wandering pains all over the body. More often they are felt in the joints or stomach.

Why can hemoglobin increase in menopause

High hemoglobin can be detected in women with menopause for the following reasons:

  • Improper nutrition. In menopause, lowering the concentration of hormones requires a change in eating habits. The body requires mainly vegetable components, and many women still continue to eat a lot of meat, that is, protein, fatty, spicy foods, which leads to thickening of the blood. The desire to lose weight with the help of a starvation diet leads to exactly the same effect. The body does not receive the necessary substances and tries to compensate for their growth of hemoglobin,

  • Dehydration. In an effort to get rid of such unpleasant menopausal manifestations, such as hyperhidrosis, some women drink water in too small quantities. This further inhibits the metabolic processes, which are now slowing down for natural reasons. The tissues do not have enough oxygen, because of which the body increases the volume of hemoglobin,
  • Stress. In menopause, the emotional background changes, the woman becomes more restless, irritable, and tearful. In some, the condition is aggravated to the point that depression occurs. And this is a chronic and severe neuro-emotional stress that can cause oxygen starvation, therefore, an increase in hemoglobin,
  • Problems with heart. This is a possible consequence of menopause. A decrease in the concentration of sex hormones leads to an increase in blood cholesterol, a reduction in the elasticity of the vascular walls and, as a result, a disturbance of the heart rhythm. All together provokes a lack of oxygen, because it changes its supply to the tissues. Hemoglobin grows in response to a lack of compound and a blood supply to the brain,
  • Diabetes. The usual decrease in the volume of sex hormones in menopause, combined with abundant food and lack of physical activity than many women sin, lead to impaired glucose uptake. The higher the level of the latter, the greater its quantity is connected with hemoglobin, since in this case the chemical reaction is more intense,
  • Incorrect use of hormonal drugs. They are needed to improve well-being when vasomotor symptoms interfere, dry mucous membranes, emotional instability. But unauthorized choice, wrong dosage, too long use lead to an increase in blood viscosity. It is harder for her to travel through vessels carrying oxygen. Tissues are deficient, the body seeks to even out the balance, increasing hemoglobin,
  • Tumor diseases. In the period of menopause, their occurrence is more likely than before, due to reduced immunity. Notable manifestations of malignant neoplasms do not show for a long time. But many chemical reactions are already disturbed in the body, the tissues receive toxins, and therefore they do not have enough oxygen. Hemoglobin therefore exceeds normal values.

We recommend to read about the drugs prescribed for menopause. You will learn about the need to take hormonal agents for the normal functioning of the body, the effectiveness of homeopathic medicines, the recommended lifestyle.

What to do with an increased level of the indicator during menopause

High hemoglobin in women with menopause requires to find out the reasons for which there is. It is important to observe its dynamics and be examined, as this may be a symptom of the disease. If the cause of the increased value is a hormonal failure, correct the indicator:

  • Smoking cessation
  • A diet consisting of seafood, vegetables and fruits of green and yellow colors. It is necessary to exclude red meat, buckwheat, animal fats. Water needs to drink up to 2 liters per day,
  • Ensuring the normal functioning of the heart, that is, movement, fresh air, as well as blood-thinning drugs Aspirin, Curantil, Trental.

It is also necessary to control the indicator because it may be a sign of other diseases unrelated to menopause: intestinal obstruction, pulmonary ailments.

The relationship of Hb and climax

Menopause is one of the menopausal stages, characterized by the absence of menstrual flow for 12 months.

And hemoglobin is the protein structure of blood plasma, which includes iron, as well as participating in the transport of oxygen throughout the body.

Hemoglobin is the main structure of a variety of chemical reactions in the human body, which is why a certain rate of its content is so important for each certain period of vital activity.

The hemoglobin rate in women is 120-140 grams per liter. Hemoglobin with menopause may vary slightly, and its normal values ​​are considered - from 115 to 138 grams per liter.

With the onset of menopause, hemoglobin levels may decrease or, conversely, increase.

Elevated hemoglobin is most common in menopause, as it is caused by slower metabolic processes and changes in hormonal levels with a reduced level of estrogen production. But there may be reduced hemoglobin in menopause.

Consider in more detail the most common changes in hemoglobin levels in menopause.

Symptoms of elevated hemoglobin

The beginning of menopause significantly affects the general condition of the woman. And if, moreover, the level of hemoglobin in the blood also increases, the following manifestations are possible:

  • Pathological changes in somnological processes, manifested by constant drowsiness, as well as difficulty falling asleep.
  • Increased blood pressure.
  • Changes in the color gamut of the skin and mucous surfaces of the body, with the acquisition of an unnaturally bright shade or pallor.
  • The occurrence of frequent headaches.
  • Violations in the functioning of the vestibular apparatus.
  • Increased fatigue, signs of lethargy.
  • The emergence of stray pain symptoms, manifested in different parts of the body.

Independent determination of an elevated hemoglobin level is impossible, therefore, during the period of menopause, regular observation is recommended not only for narrow specialists, but also regular blood donation for hemoglobin examination.

Causes of hemoglobin increase

The causes of high hemoglobin in women can be the following factors and mechanisms that occur under the influence of menopausal changes:

  • reduced content of blood plasma, resulting in increased red blood cell count and hemoglobin level,
  • an increase in the production of red blood cells, which occurs when the red blood cells present in the plasma do not perform the prescribed amount of oxygen transport to all organs and tissues, which leads to an automatic mode of switching on the compensation processes,
  • the development of pathologies of the heart, as a result of which the blood circulation is disturbed, and the hemoglobin level rises,
  • the presence of chronic diseases of the pulmonary system organs,
  • the impact of hereditary factors
  • in the presence of an excess of erythropoietin,
  • environmental factor represented by living in mountainous places where the oxygen content in the air is reduced,
  • tobacco smoking
  • dehydration processes resulting from burns, the development of intestinal infections accompanied by vomiting, as well as a deliberate woman low amount of fluid intake (which is done to avoid the occurrence of hyperhidrosis),
  • the use of steroid drugs with an anabolic spectrum of action,
  • excessive level of physical activity
  • Incorrect use of hormone-containing drugs used to relieve menopausal symptoms.

Among other things, high hemoglobin in women can be a consequence of the development of malignant neoplasms, which are more likely to form against the background of a decrease in the body's immune system during the menopausal period.

Malignant tumors do not manifest themselves for a long period of time, but various pathological processes are already progressing in the body: tissues are intoxicated, which do not receive the necessary amount of oxygen, compensation processes begin, and the hemoglobin level begins to exceed 150 g / l.

What should be done with elevated hemoglobin?

Initially, it is necessary to identify the true causes that contribute to the emergence of this condition in the body. It is also necessary to constantly monitor its dynamics, as well as pass all the necessary methods of examination.

In the event that the cause of the increased indicator lies in the hormonal failure of the body, then the following recommendations should be followed to correct the Hb index:

  1. Refusal to smoke.
  2. Корректировка привычного рациона питания, включающая преимущественное употребление морских продуктов питания, а также свежие овощные и фруктовые культуры желтого и зеленого окраса. Исключение из рациона должны составлять: красные виды мясных продуктов, гречка и продукты с содержанием животных жиров. It is also necessary to drink up to two liters of water per day.
  3. Compliance with moderate physical exertion, including daily walks in the fresh air.
  4. Lowering Hb and thinning the blood will help taking drugs such as Trental and Curantil.

It is necessary not to forget about the constant monitoring of hemoglobin level, since its increase may indicate such pathologies as a violation of the functionality of the lungs, or the development of intestinal obstruction.

Next, we consider in more detail the reduced content of Hb, contributing to the development of anemia, its varieties, symptoms, causes and methods of improving well-being and general condition in premenopause and subsequent stages of menopause.

Development of anemia

During the period of menopause, hormonal disruptions in the body can be accompanied by the development of anemia, that is, a condition that is characterized by a low content of red blood cells, and therefore reduced hemoglobin.

Pathological changes in the metabolic processes in the body, malnutrition, the development of pathology in the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as renal and hepatic failure - all of these disorders can be the root cause of this condition when low hemoglobin is diagnosed.

Post-acute anemia of acute course

This form of anemia occurs due to large blood loss in a short time.

Huge risks to life are blood loss in excess of half a liter.

The symptomatology of this type of pathology is manifested by the following disorders:

  1. increase the rhythm of the heartbeat,
  2. the appearance of shortness of breath
  3. decrease blood pressure
  4. pale shade of skin and mucous membranes.

The presence of these manifestations may indicate the presence of both anemia and trauma, or manifestations of pain symptoms caused by other disorders. The danger of anemia lies not only in the quantitative volume of blood loss, but also in its speed, which can entail serious consequences.

Iron-deficiency anemia

This form of the disease is formed against the background of deficient iron content, which leads to the development of the following symptoms:

  • Dry skin.
  • Increased fragility of the nail plate and hair loss.
  • Drowsiness and increased fatigue.
  • Change in taste and appetite.
  • The occurrence of depression.

Also, iron deficiency anemia (or anemia) may be accompanied by headaches, constipation, as well as pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, shortness of breath and palpitations.

This pathology has a very insidious nature of the course, manifested in the gradual increase in its characteristic symptoms. The manifestation of the disease is practically imperceptible, and the woman most often explains all the gradually increasing symptoms as a result of climacteric factors and forgets about the state she was in before the changes began. However, the red blood cell level may drop to a critical point before a woman is examined by specialists.

The cause of iron deficiency anemia, in which the level of iron can decrease dramatically, may be acute or chronic blood loss, as well as pathologies developing in the internal organs, mainly in the area of ​​the gastrointestinal tract.

Also, the development of antacid chronic gastritis, ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract and duodenum, especially after surgical resection of the stomach, also contribute to the disruption of iron absorption processes, and leads to the fact that the level of Hb decreases sharply.

Treatment methods

The initial method of treatment is to establish the cause contributing to the development of this pathology.

Then the complex therapeutic treatment is directed to the elimination of the identified cause.

Therapeutic measures to eliminate iron deficiency anemia are to adjust the dietary diet that helps increase the level of iron in the blood. It is recommended to enrich your diet with meat, liver, cottage cheese, pomegranate, apples and eggs with buckwheat porridge. It may also be prescribed a long-term intake of iron-containing drugs until such time as the resources of the body will not be replenished with necessary substances.

Can a blood transfusion help? This method of treatment of anemia is quite effective, but is used only in the most difficult situations. It can be done intramuscularly, as a transfusion of the blood itself, and red blood cell mass.

As a preventive measure, the use of a group of vitamins with iron content is recommended.

Cognitive video on this topic:

What is hemoglobin in the blood?

It is a pigment in the blood that contains iron and carries oxygen to the tissues of the entire body from the respiratory system. Hemoglobin is a complex protein according to the chemical characteristics of a substance. It is found in red blood cells in a dissolved form, staining them. It is important to note that if the red blood cells are dried, the hemoglobin content in them will be up to 94%. In fact, to provide our body with such essential substances as oxygen and iron, very complex chemical reactions are required, in which the protein itself (globin) and iron porphyrin (heme) are involved. The latter has an iron atom in its composition, which interacts with oxygen. In the respiratory organs, hemoglobin is converted to oxyhemoglobin through a chemical reaction between an iron atom and oxygen. Already in the capillaries of the tissues, this compound dissociates and disintegrates, giving up everything that is necessary to ensure human life. Given that this element is necessary, it is important to know what kind of hemoglobin in women, and what basic functions it performs in the female body.

Hemoglobin Functions

Hemoglobin affects all chemical processes in our body. It transports oxygen from the lungs to all cells of human tissues and organs. Also, with its help, oxygen decomposition products in the capillaries return to the respiratory organs. Here you can find the answer to the question: "Why are venous and arterial blood different in color?" Arterial blood contains hemoglobin with oxygen, since it travels from the lungs to other organs, and the venous blood contains more carbon dioxide, since a chemical reaction has already occurred in the capillaries to decompose the hemoglobin compound and oxygen.

In other words, if there are problems with the content of this substance in the blood, this will affect the functioning of all organs and the well-being of a person. Therefore, it is very important to monitor your condition, take tests and know about hemoglobin. What is the norm in women? The representatives of the fair sex once a month lose this substance in their physiology, but we must not forget that it is necessary to monitor its content in the blood.

Hemoglobin change depending on gender and age

There are certain reasons for which hemoglobin differs in terms of its indices for all people. The rate in women is slightly lower than in men, and in the embryo, it is generally of two types. It all depends on the original purpose of the body: children in utero feed on maternal nutrients, so they have a higher affinity for oxygen, their blood can be saturated with them up to 60%. For their stage of development it is necessary. By the way, this type of hemoglobin in the embryo is only valid up to 12 weeks. In turn, in men the indicator of this substance is higher than the female norm. Probably, the very nature or God laid down in them the desire for ease, hunting, belligerence. Such an elemental content depends on the production of a greater amount of the male hormone testosterone.

Hemoglobin, the norm in women

There are certain indicators by which it can be concluded about the disease of a woman, or about her healthy state. In order to know the current situation in your body with this substance, you must pass a blood test. To determine the level of hemoglobin, it is enough to pass a general analysis. But if there is interest to see what the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, the level of leukocytes and lymphocytes, the behavior of platelets in the blood, it is necessary to make a detailed blood test, including hemoglobin. The rate for women is from 120 to 140 g / l. Whereas for men, the normal values ​​are 135-160 g / l. But do not forget that women have Hb levels may vary depending on age and cycle.

Why is there a shortage of hemoglobin in the blood?

The reasons for the decrease in hemoglobin in the blood can be:

  • starvation,
  • acute or chronic blood loss, for example, menstrual disorders, peptic ulcer, infectious diseases, various injuries,
  • hypoxia, lack of fresh air.

If the level of hemoglobin in the blood is lowered, this means that there is not enough iron and globin necessary for the chemical processes of the protein. Because of this, all organs will receive less oxygen for life. If the rate of hemoglobin level in women begins with the number 120, then all the results, which will display a number below this, will speak about the maturing of a serious disease - anemia.

Hemoglobin increase

Increased hemoglobin may be due to various factors. Causes of violation:

  • a decrease in plasma volume, an increase in red blood cells,
  • the presence of pathologies in the heart,
  • chronic lung disease,
  • heredity,
  • nicotine use
  • during dehydration,
  • uncontrolled physical activity on the body,
  • incorrect use of hormonal medications,
  • the presence of cancer.

With elevated hemoglobin, the following symptoms are possible:

  • manifestations of insomnia or, on the contrary, drowsiness,
  • excessive increase in blood pressure
  • discoloration of the skin, characterized by strong pallor or reddish hues,
  • incessant causeless migraines,
  • severe vestibular disorders,
  • weakness, fatigue, inability to concentrate,
  • manifestation of pain wandering all over the body.

A strong increase in hemoglobin can lead to excessive blood viscosity, therefore, sooner or later, a woman may face such diseases as thrombosis, stroke, heart attack.


To prevent the development of complications it is necessary to control the level of hemoglobin in the blood. If the reason for its increase lies in the age hormonal failure, then actions are taken to restore the hemoglobin level:

  • complete cessation of smoking and alcohol,
  • decrease in level of physical activities,
  • fluid intake in proper volumes, the daily rate of fluid should be at least 2 liters per day,
  • nutritional adjustment aimed at the use of vegetables and fruits of green and
  • yellow shades, as well as marine products.

To reduce the level of hemoglobin, much attention is paid to the use of drugs, in particular, the specialist prescribes Trental or Curantil.

Reduced hemoglobin is characterized by a decrease in red blood cell levels. Malnutrition, various pathologies in the gastrointestinal tract, kidney diseases, and liver disease can trigger the problem.

Anemia is divided into:

Post-acute anemia, which is in acute form, may be caused by blood loss in a short time. It is characterized by:

  • strong tachycardia
  • blanching of the skin,
  • lower blood pressure
  • severe shortness of breath.

Post-neonatal anemia requires urgent hospitalization of the patient, since the development of this disease is associated with blood loss due to trauma. If time does not take action, death is possible.

Iron deficiency anemia can be triggered by a lack of iron in the female body. This pathology can be recognized by the following symptoms:

  • dry skin
  • severe hair loss
  • brittle nails,
  • a complete change in taste,
  • lack of appetite,
  • depression,
  • constipation
  • pallor of the skin,
  • severe headaches.

The cunning of this disease is that the woman practically does not notice it. The disease is not treated, which leads to deterioration.

As a treatment, experts prescribe the use of foods rich in iron: buckwheat, cottage cheese, apples, eggs, pomegranate, meat. In addition, it may be prescribed the use of iron preparations.

Women in menopausal age should definitely visit specialists and regularly take blood tests. Each patient should remember that health is only in her hands.

Hemoglobin rate in women

The increase in hemoglobin in the blood of women is influenced by age and menopause (the end of reproductive function). The average allowable value during life corresponds to the interval of 120-140 g / l. A change in hematocrit (the volume of red blood cells in the blood) is considered natural during such periods of hormonal changes in the female body:

  • During puberty or the onset of menstruation, which is associated with monthly blood loss. For adolescents, the tolerance is from 112 to 152 g / l.
  • During pregnancy, which is characterized by an increase in blood volume and additional iron consumption for the development of the placenta. In the first two trimesters, hemoglobin is in the range of 110–120 g / l, and in the third trimester, 105–120 g / l.
  • With the onset of menopause, as during this period, menstruation stops. From the 65th year and later the rate is higher: 120–157 g / l.

Modern residents of megacities are characterized by an early onset of menopause, which is associated with stress, an accelerated rhythm of life polluted by the environment and taking ormonal drugs.

Than dangerous hemoglobin increase

Increased hemoglobin in women, the causes of which are natural, should not cause concern. Only a significant increase in the rate (up to 180-190 g / l) can lead to dangerous consequences.

High hemoglobin content is fraught with blood clots and platelet accumulation, which means an increased risk of thrombosis of varying severity. This condition can lead to heart attacks, strokes and other complications in the functioning of the cardiovascular system.

Blood coagulation increases the likelihood of developing cancer. With high hematocrit menstruation is painful and long.

Causes of High Hemoglobin

To determine how to normalize the condition, it is necessary to answer the question: why is hemoglobin in the blood of women increased? The level can rise for natural reasons and as a result of pathologies in the body.

In addition to the elderly, several factors can increase hematocrit naturally:

  • a long stay at an altitude of more than 2 km above sea level, which is associated with oxygen starvation,
  • frequent physical overvoltages (sports activities or difficult working conditions),
  • lack of water in the body (as a result of external or internal factors: high temperature, taking diuretics, diarrhea, vomiting and other processes that lead to dehydration),
  • smoking, which leads to a lack of oxygen,
  • excessive nerve loads: stress, neuro-emotional work, and more.

Such reasons may increase the hemoglobin by 1-2 dozen g / l, and this state is regulated by the body itself.

Excessive Exercise

But there is a list of dangerous factors leading to high hemoglobin in the blood:

  • cardiovascular dysfunction,
  • diseases of the respiratory organs (pneumonia, pneumonia, bronchial asthma, embolism and others) that lead to a lack of oxygen,
  • disorders of the endocrine organs (bone marrow, thyroid and others),
  • diabetes,
  • liver pathology,
  • hormonal preparations or diuretics,
  • infectious diseases (and gastrointestinal) that reduce the volume of fluid in the body,
  • burns
  • allergy,
  • mental illness
  • Vacaise disease,
  • Oncology or the effects of chemotherapy.

To improve the effectiveness of treatment, you need to carefully examine why high hemoglobin in women. And only after a detailed analysis of the results of the examination, the doctor prescribes treatment.

Symptoms of blood clots

High hemoglobin in women has external manifestations, the presence of which is not a 100 percent guarantee of increased hematocrit, but serves as a reason to consult a specialist to make an examination and determine the true cause. Symptoms are:

  • the acquisition of skin red color,
  • violation of the urogenital system,
  • frequent appearance of unexplained hematomas on the skin,
  • blurred vision and sometimes hearing
  • poor sleep (constant sleepiness or insomnia),
  • frequent bouts of hypertension (pressure increase),
  • change in the menstrual cycle (pain and an increase in time),
  • can itch the body after hygiene procedures,
  • feeling of aching joints and bones,
  • poor appetite
  • feeling of constant thirst
  • pain in the stomach and digestive tract disorder,
  • appearance of peeling and small hemorrhages on the skin,
  • frequent seizures: overwork, fatigue, irritability,
  • the occurrence of dizziness, worsening of general well-being, headaches,
  • pallor and numbness of toes and hands, feeling cold and blue in the tips of the extremities.

Insufficient blood supply to the brain due to thickening of the blood can increase the likelihood of impaired consciousness, which is fraught with mental disorders.


Normalization indicator

Any treatment, whether folk or pharmaceutical agents and procedures, must precede the determination of the cause that increases the hemoglobin content in the blood.Depending on this, there are a number of generally accepted ways to bring the indicator to normal.

To lower high hemoglobin in women, the causes of which are the pathological conditions of the body, perhaps by such methods:

  • Power correction. Diet is the priority of products that reduce hemoglobin: milk, cottage cheese, yogurt, raw fruits and vegetables, seafood, legumes, rice and chicken. Avoid pork and offal (especially liver), apples and pomegranates. An important condition is a complete rejection of alcohol-containing beverages.
  • Medication. This method is acceptable only on the recommendation of a doctor who prescribes a schedule and dosage of drugs. The most commonly recommended blood thinning agents based on aspirin (cardiomagnyl, chimes, and others).
  • Folk remedies. As a procedure, lowering hemoglobin, apply hirudotherapy (treatment with leeches), which dilutes and updates the blood. Reception is popular mummy, the course of which is 10 days, after which a five-day break, followed by a ten-day repetition. But this remedy is incompatible with smoking and drinking alcohol, taking sedatives and sleeping pills.
  • Moderate physical activity. These include morning exercises and swimming, which stimulate bone marrow work on the development of red blood cells.


  • As a reduction in high hemoglobin, the following are used: blood transfusion (donation) or erythrocytopheresis, representing the removal of a certain number of erythrocytes from a woman’s blood with special tools.

Increased hemoglobin in women, the causes and effects of which are natural phenomena, can be reduced by increasing the amount of fluid consumed. Do caution: drink decoctions of herbs (nettle or birch leaves), teas, compotes or non-carbonated water (it is useful to add a small amount of lemon juice). The daily volume should be between 2.5 and 3 liters. Avoid carbonated drinks, coffee and rosehip infusions.

How to prevent blood coagulation due to elevated hemoglobin is described in this video:

What does elevated blood pigment mean?

It would seem that it is good that hemoglobin has a high value for its content in human blood, but there is also danger behind it. There are several pathological conditions that are caused by the fact that hemoglobin is higher than normal in women.

  • First, a woman may have heart failure. This is a pathological condition, which is expressed by such symptoms as constant shortness of breath, noisy and frequent breathing, moist rales in the lungs.
  • Secondly, the process of blood condensation may occur. By itself, this process is not felt by a woman, but it can lead to the formation of blood clots in the blood and blockage of blood vessels. The consequences can be lethal.
  • Thirdly, hemoglobin above the norm in women may indicate the presence of intestinal obstruction. It is also a dangerous condition where food cannot naturally exit the body due to any reason. With such a pathology, you should immediately consult a doctor.

How does the lack of hemoglobin norm affect human health in the results of the analysis?

Having already learned what hemoglobin is and what role it plays for our body, it is not difficult to assume that its decrease or increase will be reflected in human well-being. Knowing how much hemoglobin is in women, we ourselves can orient ourselves in its performance when receiving the result of the analysis. Most often, studying their performance, we have the opportunity to immediately compare them with the norm. In addition, we can draw conclusions about the shortage or excess of this substance on the basis of the general state of our body.

What condition indicates that the rate of hemoglobin in the blood of a woman is not reached? In this case, there are often observed: fatigue, frequent dizziness, general weakness, which only increases daily, headaches, hair can fall out and break nails, gooseflesh in people before their eyes. Sometimes there is a decrease in the functions of mental processes, for example, forgetfulness, low concentration of attention and slow work of mental processes. Inflammatory phenomena on the surface of the tongue and a change in its color are rare.

If the hemoglobin content in a woman’s blood is higher than normal, it may be expressed as follows: sleep disturbances, redness of the skin, poor general well-being, arterial pressure may rise without a cause.

Hemoglobin: the norm in pregnant women

In pregnant women, blood levels of hemoglobin may differ slightly from the norm. If it is elevated, do not immediately sound the alarm. For the body, the woman’s condition is unexpected and new, so the hemoglobin concentration may increase. Also during this period, the woman actively feeds herself with various vitamins and takes multivitamins, the body is saturated with iron for a certain period, but then the child takes everything he needs for himself, and hemoglobin returns to normal. Norm in pregnant women - from 120 to 160 g / l.

Also, there is often a decrease in this substance in the blood of pregnant women. This can not be called the norm, so an urgent need to consult a doctor for an appointment for treatment. Since hemoglobin carries oxygen, including to the fetus, it is not necessary to delay a visit to a specialist, because there is a possibility of fetal hypoxia. In order to navigate, there is a degree of anemia: the amount of hemoglobin in the blood is from 90 to 110g / l - a mild degree of anemia, readings of 80-90 g / l indicate anemia of moderate severity, and everything below 80 g / l is necessary treat hard.

How to increase the content of this element?

Anyone who suffers from anemia (anemia) is recommended to increase the level of hemoglobin primarily with the help of a proper diet. In this case, you need to carefully monitor what you eat and in what quantity. It is important to eat exactly those products that restore the normal structure of the blood.

Hemoglobin-enhancing products include: liver, eggs, fish, black bread, almonds, buckwheat. You also need to pay special attention to eating juices and fruits, such as apple, quince, pomegranate. With moderate and severe anemia, the doctor prescribes iron-containing vitamins and multivitamins. In addition, it is important to walk in the fresh air, lead an active way of life and have a good rest, get enough sleep.

High hemoglobin, normalization steps

When a woman's blood test results show a high hemoglobin content, questions arise how to normalize it. In this case, it is important to remember that there may be several reasons for such indicators, and they are very serious. It is also necessary to take into account the norms of substance content at different ages and conditions. For example, for hemoglobin, the norm in women 50 years old will differ from the male norm and the normal content of this substance in pregnant women. When receiving the results of the analysis do not need to immediately panic, and should consult a doctor. The specialist will prescribe an additional examination to rule out serious pathologies, and then the desired course of treatment. Adjust the hemoglobin elevated correct lifestyle and the right products will not work.

Folk remedies to restore normal hemoglobin levels

There are many proven ways, as folk methods to normalize hemoglobin content.

  1. 1 tsp grated horseradish, add a little sugar, and every day this mixture to eat. After 10-12 days, hemoglobin will increase.
  2. 2 tsp. melissa leaves insist in 500 ml of boiling water for an hour. Infusion take 4-5 times a day before meals in 100 ml.
  3. Seeds and fruits of pistachios in the ratio of 10: 1 pour boiling water and insist. Take 3 times a day for 1 tbsp. l
  4. Prepare an infusion of linden flowers and honey, add 2 tablespoons of infusion to 1 cup of infusion. l red wine and drink before meals.
  5. Per 100 ml of warm milk 1 tsp. honey and 1 tbsp. l almond oil. Drink this drink 2 times a day. After 10 days of administration, hemoglobin will return to normal.
  6. Black currant helps very well. You can eat it fresh, freshly squeezed, drink drinks from it.
  7. It is useful to eat with anemia topinambur. It contains vitamin C and iron.

Hemoglobin in the period of menopause in women

As already noted, the rate of iron-containing blood pigment for people of different sex and age varies. The hemoglobin rate in women 60 years old corresponds to the following indicators: from 117 to 138 g / l, an average of 130 g / l. But in the results of the analysis, the indicators can vary significantly, since hormonal alteration occurs in the body. This situation can be corrected with special medicines prescribed by a doctor.

What is glycated hemoglobin?

This type of substance in the body is different from the usual hemoglobin, as it means the combination of iron and glucose in the blood. Its quantity is expressed as a percentage. The rate of glycated hemoglobin in women varies from 4 to 6%. When testing for this type of hemoglobin, it is necessary to take its results very seriously. If the results are at least 1% different from the norm, you should immediately contact a specialist, as this indicates an increased content of sugar in the body or a prediabetes state. Indicators may change for other reasons, such as anemia, bleeding, and so on.

Health to all, and so that hemoglobin never goes beyond acceptable values!

Main functions

Thanks to hemoglobin in the human body, redox processes (oxygen exchange) are carried out in all types of tissue (muscle, fat, etc.). The functions of iron protein in red blood cells are as follows:

  • attach oxygen molecules from the alveoli of the lungs,
  • to transport oxygen to tissues, where there is a surplus of carbon dioxide,
  • let go of oxygen to the cells, capture the molecules of carbon dioxide,
  • to transport carbon dioxide to the lungs,
  • maintain the acidity (ph) of the blood.

The accession of oxygen and carbon dioxide to hemoglobin is due to iron ions, and transportation is carried out by red blood cells through the bloodstream.

Since breathing and oxygenation of all types of body tissues is an important condition for sustaining life, hemoglobin deficiency in the blood can lead to oxygen starvation and many unpleasant symptoms (anemia).

Norm of hemoglobin in the blood of women by age (table)

Adult hemoglobin levels are relatively stable. At the same time, in women the rate of hemoglobin is lower than in men, since female sex hormones weakly stimulate the formation of red blood cells. The low rate is also affected by a small amount of muscle mass, which does not require a lot of oxygen.

The rate of hemoglobin in a woman's body can decrease at different periods of life due to the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopausal processes after 50 years.

There are several units of measurement, but most often hemoglobin is measured in grams per liter (g / l), as indicated in the table.

There are physiological (natural) reasons for increasing and decreasing hemoglobin levels in women:

  • Menstruation. For the first few days of menstrual bleeding rate drops to 110 g / l, which is normal at this stage. Within a week after the end of the critical days, iron in the blood is restored to the norm - 120 g / l and above.
  • Nutrition. If in the daily nutrition of a woman prone to iron deficiency anemia, there are a lot of dairy and flour products, as well as strong tea and coffee, the hemoglobin falls below normal. Such foods naturally interfere with the absorption of iron by the body.
  • Sport. In women and men who are engaged in active sports, the number of red blood cells with iron-containing protein rises to the upper limits of the norm.
  • Smoking. In active smokers, the indicator of iron-containing protein rises, because the body compensates for the lack of oxygen in the lungs. At the same time, despite the high rates of analysis, a person may experience oxygen starvation.

What can hemoglobin be increased from

An increase in hemoglobin can be caused by both physiological and pathological processes in the body, as a result of which an increase in viscosity and thickening of blood are observed. The main reasons for the increase in hemoglobin include:

  • hard physical labor
  • stay in highland areas where there is a lack of oxygen in the air,
  • dehydration (loss of fluid during heat, prolonged vomiting or diarrhea),
  • excessive use of iron-containing preparations of artificial origin,
  • excess of vitamins of group B,
  • heart failure,
  • sugar and diabetes insipidus,
  • renal failure
  • bone marrow tumors
  • genetic disorders of blood formation,
  • oncological diseases
  • hyperfunction of the adrenal glands.

Exceeding the hemoglobin rate in the blood can be manifested by constant fatigue and drowsiness, visual acuity decreases, pressure rises, veins stand out significantly, appetite disappears.

Causes of low hemoglobin

Reduced hemoglobin is always the result of a violation of chemical processes in the body due to blood diseases or a deficiency of trace elements and vitamins.

A decrease in hemoglobin in the blood below normal can be caused by such natural factors as:

  • prolonged fasting
  • poor nutrition
  • iron deficiency in food
  • lack of B vitamins,
  • significant blood loss
  • recovery period after operations.

A significant decrease in the number of erythrocytes and, as a result, iron in the blood is also observed in case of serious diseases:

  • Blood cancer caused by a tumor in the bone marrow.
  • Thalassemia - a genetic disease in which the formation of red blood cells is disturbed.
  • Sickle cell anemia - a genetic defect similar to a previous disease, when red blood cells capture less oxygen due to an irregular shape. In both cases, a moderate or strong oxygen starvation of the body develops.

Hemoglobin can be low in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract when the breakdown and absorption of nutrients, including iron and vitamins, is impaired:

  • chronic atrophic gastritis,
  • chronic enteritis,
  • tumors in the gastrointestinal tract.

If a long time, there is a low level of hemoglobin, then, in addition to constant poor health, there are problems with the cardiovascular, nervous, and bone systems. The following symptoms are observed:

  • reduced immunity
  • fast fatiguability,
  • weakness,
  • drowsiness,
  • dizziness
  • fainting
  • hair loss,
  • tooth decay
  • brittle nails,
  • dry skin
  • a violation of taste (I want to eat inedible substances or raw foods),
  • violation of smell (when they like the toxic odors of paint, gasoline, acetone, exhaust gases, etc.).

Pregnancy rates

During pregnancy, the rate of hemoglobin in the blood of women varies considerably depending on the duration of pregnancy. As a rule, in the first trimester, this indicator increases slightly in pregnant women, since there are no regular critical days, but with the development of the fetus, in the second and third trimesters, hemoglobin decreases.

The reason for the decrease in iron-containing protein during pregnancy is the growing body of the child, which requires vitamins and minerals, including iron, vitamins B6 and B12.

Small spool but precious

To put it in a dry biochemical language, hemoglobin is an iron-containing chromoprotein consisting of four subunits. Since, fortunately, we are not at a medical conference or in a classroom, we will be easier. So, hemoglobin is a protein, and not simple, but containing heme is a molecule with an iron atom. It is responsible for the binding of oxygen, the remaining areas and the protein part regulate the release and uptake of oxygen depending on the surrounding conditions.

  • The main functions of hemoglobin:
  • transport of oxygen from the lungs to the tissue
  • trapping carbon dioxide in tissues and releasing it in the lungs,
  • maintaining acid-base blood balance.

The hemoglobin rate in women is 120-140 g / liter.

Woman and hemoglobin - a life long affair

Until puberty, hemoglobin and red blood cell counts are the same for both sexes. Then a change in the hormonal background changes everything. High levels of estrogen in girls suppress erythropoiesis in the bone marrow. In addition, monthly blood loss is added during menstruation. As a result, red blood counts in women are lower than in men.

Climax corrects the situation. The fall in the concentration of estrogen removes their inhibitory effect on the bone marrow, and the indicators are almost equal.

In search of lost hemoglobin

Age-related changes during menopause and menopause contribute to the occurrence of many hormonal problems. One of their manifestations at the organism level is irregular and abundant periods. Adaptive capacity declines after forty years, and uncompensated blood loss leads to anemia. This is facilitated by the presence of concomitant gynecological pathology, such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis.

After forty and during menopause, women often begin to gain weight, and many come to a decisive struggle with it, adopting various types of diets. При этом забывая, что любая диета это не только снижение калорийности пищи, но и уменьшение поступления в организм микроэлементов необходимых для нормального кроветворения.

And what about the period of the coming menopause and postmenopause? Monthly stopped, hormones stabilized, but the woman has symptoms of low hemoglobin. The question is why?

What are the main reasons that a woman’s hemoglobin can decrease during menopause:

  • Relative anemia. Hydremia should be distinguished from true anemia — an increase in plasma volume due to blood thinning (with myxedema, renal failure), accompanied by a relative decrease in hemoglobin concentration and red blood cell count per unit volume of blood.
  • Alimentary iron deficiency. The reason is both a defective diet and gastrointestinal diseases (hypoacidic and atrophic gastritis), in which the absorption of this trace element is impaired.
  • Hidden iron loss. As a rule, these are diseases of the same gastrointestinal tract. Chronic gastric and duodenal ulcers, chronic colitis, colon diverticula, hemorrhoids are possible sources of hidden blood loss. In chronic course, leading to the development of anemia.
  • Latently flowing renal failure. The affected kidneys stop producing erythropoietin, which disrupts the blood formation process.
  • Oncological processes

According to what signs and you can suspect low hemoglobin in a woman, symptoms and signs

For low hemoglobin in women with menopause, the following are characteristic:

  • pallor of the skin and mucous membranes (gums and conjunctiva of the eye),
  • apathy and weakness
  • dizziness, tinnitus,
  • memory loss
  • increased heart rate,
  • perversion of taste.

All these symptoms of iron deficiency in the body of a woman with menopause are not specific, because fit a large number of diseases. The diagnosis of anemia (anemia) is given to a woman only on the basis of tests.

By severity of anemia is divided into:

  • light Hb> 100, red blood cells> 3.0,
  • average Hb 66-100, red blood cells 3.0-2.0,
  • heavy Hb
    • the main
    • Complaints

    High hemoglobin. Happiness or health hazard

    Those suffering from anemia will say: “Lucky, hemoglobin is elevated. It means that the head is not spinning, there are enough forces to turn the earth over and without a fulcrum. ” Is it so? Is it jealous? If hemoglobin is elevated in the blood, what does it mean?

    The level of red blood cells in the blood can not be constant even in a healthy person. Have you prank or come monthly cycle - hemoglobin fell. Everything healed and ended - he can normalize again. We have dealt with this in the previous article. But surprisingly different, every third hemoglobin is elevated. What is the danger or worry not worth it?

    As a result of an increase in hemoglobin over a long period, deterioration is observed in many ways:

    • disorder in the work of the kidneys and the urogenital system: colic, cramps, cystitis, etc.,
    • decreases visual acuity
    • the skin becomes pale, some even with yellowness,
    • the person gets tired quickly and wants to sleep all the time. Somewhere about this has already been discussed, is not it
    • lack of complete or partial appetite.

    But all these consequences are superficial. And the real danger is much more serious. High hemoglobin - what is dangerous about it? Elevated red blood cells make blood more dense. With wounds, it quickly stops, and this is a definite plus. If you look at a different angle, the viscous blood circulation is slowed down, which means that the heart and internal organs lack oxygen. And low speed is the settling on the walls of blood vessels of plaques, the formation of blood clots. As a result - heart attack, heart attack, stroke, thrombosis.

    We find out the reasons

    Not only low, but also high hemoglobin is dangerous, the causes in men and women are very similar. And yet there are differences.

    If high hemoglobin in men, the reasons may lie in the characteristics of their professions.

    • Pilots work at high altitude. They do not notice this, but their body feels a lack of oxygen in the blood. Blood responds to such promises by increasing hemoglobin.
    • Bodybuilders to quickly achieve results (read, beautiful body), take steroids, anabolics.
    • Men smoke a lot: cigarettes, cigars, hookahs and stuff (grandmothers would say - do not take this filth in your mouth, but psychologists would explain this unhealthy desire to shove oblong cylindrical objects in their own way).

    If a woman has high hemoglobin, the reasons may be the same (female pilots, bodybuilders, and smokers are also found). But there is one, unique to them, the reason.

    • During pregnancy, the body of women is unpredictable. And who knows how he will react to conceiving and carrying a child.
    • Add here the work of a flight attendant - she also flies at high altitudes.

    The remaining reasons for men and women are common:

    • Athletes involved in running sports (skiing, skating, running), spend a lot of time outdoors. Oxygen must actively enter the bloodstream and spread throughout the body (frequent inhalation and exhalation), which can cause hemoglobin to grow.
    • Residents of highland areas (like pilots and flight attendants) also need high hemoglobin in order for oxygen to stand out from rarefied air and run through the circulatory system.

    These are external factors. If you notice that there is an increase in hemoglobin, the reasons may be in a state of health.

    • Diabetes if glucose rises. Hemoglobin protein attaches to glucose atoms and pulls them along the bloodstream instead of oxygen.
    • In diseases of the heart and kidneys, there is also a lack of oxygen - the blood does not circulate at the right rate through the organs. From this erythrocytosis appears - an increase in red blood cells in serum.
    • Dehydration.
    • Gaisbek syndrome.
    • Stress.
    • Burns
    • Hereditary hemoglobinemia.
    • Hemolytic anemia caused by gallbladder problems.
    • Pernicious anemia, as a result of problems in the gastrointestinal tract.
    • Oncology.
    • The increased content of vitamins of group B: B12 and B9.
    • Pulmonary or congenital heart failure.
    • Poisoning.

    If there are any of these reasons, it means that hemoglobin can be high - check. And if hemoglobin is elevated, what does it mean? It needs to be reduced. But first, let's turn to the symptoms.

    We study the symptoms

    How to recognize high hemoglobin in women? Symptoms are the same as in men, if the first are not pregnant, and the second do not fly and do not swing constantly.

    • The tips of the toes on the legs and hands turn pale due to insufficient blood supply.
    • As a result, the fingers feel cold.
    • It is difficult to concentrate and produce a clever idea - the brain is depleted of oxygen. Do not confuse elevated hemoglobin with prolonged work at all.
    • Pre-infarction or pre-stroke condition.
    • Difficult or, on the contrary, too frequent urination.
    • Drop in visual acuity.
    • Disappearance of appetite.
    • I want to lie and do nothing (do not confuse with laziness).
    • The pressure rises for no apparent reason.
    • Lomit bones and joints.
    • Many did not go, and the veins were swollen - which means that the blood is thick and clots settle on the walls.

    All these symptoms we described above. Noticed them - take the tests. The following hemoglobin indicators should alert you:

    • for men - above 170-180 grams per liter,
    • for women - more than 150 grams per liter.

    What is the danger of high hemoglobin in women and men? In addition to the unpleasant state of a somnambulum, high hemoglobin can provoke a heart attack and even be fatal - a blood clot breaks off from the walls of blood vessels and immediately clogs arteries. So urgently looking for ways to reduce hemoglobin.


    It would be logical to assume that increased hemoglobin in women and men can be reduced by those products that can not be eaten with anemia.

    Can not:

    • meat, offal (tongue, liver), game, smoked meat,
    • beets, red vegetables and fruits, radishes,
    • spawn
    • fast foods
    • fat milk, butter,
    • cereals: buckwheat, rolled oats,
    • soda,
    • sweets,
    • drink and drink
    • to smoke

    Conclusion: you can not eat any foods that contain large amounts of iron and vitamin B12.


    • seafood,
    • lean fish
    • legumes,
    • green salads and vegetables,
    • cottage cheese,
    • sour cream, kefir and other dairy products,
    • chicken
    • drink more pure water (you remember about the water diet).

    Meals should not be fried, only boiled, raw, stewed or baked.

    The table will help to navigate the products containing iron. Choose those of them in which this mineral is less.

    Folk remedies

    It is useful to know how to reduce hemoglobin in the blood of men or women of folk remedies, and not just products.

    • In the old days practiced such a method as bloodletting (by the way, and now they are quite actively used - there was an article about hijam on the site). In this case, you can refer to it. And you can also use leeches. They not only thin the blood, but also normalize hemoglobin levels. Just do not need to go to the swamps. This procedure is safely done in clinics or medical centers.
    • Not bad responses and about action mumiyo - pitches which get in the Central Asian caves. Dosage - 10 days, one tablet at bedtime.
    • Become a donor. Regular blood donation for the benefit of medicine will benefit and suffer.
    • Salads of woodlice, snyti and fireweed. We take one part of each plant, cut them and fill with natural yogurt or kefir. For a change, you can also put white meat (breast) or cottage cheese.

    Official medicine

    If you have wondered how to lower hemoglobin in the blood quickly, the answer is one - you need to see a doctor for medical help. The drugs that thin the blood and bring its clotting to normal will help:

    Electrophoresis is very rarely prescribed. Under the action of current, excess red blood cells are broken down and removed from the body.

    What is more dangerous - elevated or lowered hemoglobin is hard to say. But in both cases, it needs to be normalized in order to live, work and enjoy life.

    What is hemoglobin

    Hemoglobin is an iron-containing pigment in the blood that is contained in red blood cells and provides for the transport of oxygen to the tissues. By structure, hemoglobin is classified as a complex protein, the core of which contains iron that binds oxygen molecules. It is hemoglobin that stains the blood red.

    After the transfer of oxygen to the tissue, hemoglobin adds carbon dioxide and transports it to the lungs. Thus, this particle of blood should be regarded as an element that provides the basic transport functions of the blood - nutrition and respiration.

    Changes in hemoglobin indices indicate a violation of the oxygen-transporting function, which leads to the development of various diseases - anemia, renal failure, hypoxemia and ischemia.

    Under the influence of chemicals, carbon monoxide and an increase in blood sugar levels, hemoglobin acquires pathological forms that can only be detected through analysis.

    How to determine hemoglobin level

    To find out the level of hemoglobin, apply laboratory tests of blood samples taken from a finger. The procedure determines the number of erythrocytes and the presence of abnormal cells.

    Blood sampling is done on an empty stomach and not earlier than 8 hours after the last meal.

    Norm of hemoglobin in the blood of women by age: table

    Due to the nature of the organism, the standard indicators of iron in the blood of women are lower than that of men, but higher than that of children, and is 112-150 g / l.

    During special periods of life - during pregnancy or menstruation, the composition of the blood changes, but this is not considered a sign of deviations, if the test results correspond to the accepted norm.

    Norma after 40 years

    The process of reducing hemoglobin occurs throughout the life of a woman. Therefore, after 40 years, the hemoglobin rate in women is already 5 g / l lower than that of 30-year-olds. Changes in the composition of the blood become especially noticeable closer to 50 years, when women begin the stage of menopausal adjustment of the body.

    Hemoglobin after 50 years

    In women after 50 years, the hemoglobin level, as a rule, falls below the established norm. This is due to the instability of the hormonal balance characteristic of menopause. A woman becomes more emotional, and her stress resistance decreases markedly, which affects the composition of the blood.

    In the period of menopause, to raise the hemoglobin level to normal, doctors recommend taking medications that normalize hormone levels, and adjust the diet with a focus on healthy vitamin and iron-containing foods.

    Hemoglobin rate after 60 years

    For the female body after 60 years is characterized by the completion of hormonal adjustment and slowing of metabolic processes. As the need for nutrients is not as high as before, the level of iron in the body gradually decreases.

    To normalize the blood composition of the elderly, it is necessary to observe a special diet aimed at increasing iron-containing foods in the daily diet.

    Signs of low hemoglobin

    Reducing the amount of hemoglobin in plasma indicates a violation of metabolic processes and the development of anemia. Such conditions are considered pathological and require correction.

    The decrease in the number of blood cells is accompanied by a deterioration of health.

    Most often, pathological changes indicate:

    • sleep disorders, insomnia,
    • pale skin
    • dry mouth
    • dizziness
    • arrhythmia,
    • migraine,
    • split nails
    • copiously falling out, brittle and dry hair,
    • increased fatigue
    • caries,
    • dyspnea,
    • dry lips and cracks in the corners of the mouth.

    Often, anemic processes are manifested by loss of smell and taste, especially in pregnant women.

    If the deviations from the norm are insignificant, special medical treatment is not required, it is enough to observe the regime of work and rest, ensure proper sleep and reconsider the attitude to food and bad habits.

    Among the main causes of blood cell deficiency:

    • lack of vitamins of group B and iron-containing foods in the diet,
    • bleeding, including ulcers, menstrual, postpartum, postoperative, as well as donation,
    • dysbacteriosis,
    • infectious, autoimmune and hereditary diseases,
    • insulin release during tumor processes in the pancreas,
    • hypothyroidism
    • hepatitis
    • stresses
    • drug abuse.

    In addition, a decrease in the number of red blood particles is typical for women who follow a diet for weight loss.

    Treatment of low hemoglobin

    Improve blood count with low hemoglobin can, thanks to an integrated approach to treatment. Along with medication, you need to change the diet and lifestyle.

    Drug treatment involves taking iron-containing drugs - capsules of Aktiferrin, Ferri syrup, as well as the combined means of Ferrofolgamma and Irovit. The choice and prescription of drugs can be carried out only by the attending doctor. The average course of medication is two weeks.

    Medical diet involves the introduction into the diet of foods that increase the level of iron in the body, or improve its absorption. All types of vegetables, as well as apples, apricots, pumpkin, sea kale, pomegranates, greens, nuts and citrus fruits deserve special attention.

    The list of the most useful animal products includes all types of meat and seafood, liver, kidneys and chicken yolks.

    In addition, the number of spices such as cinnamon, mint, thyme and anise should be increased in the daily menu.

    Changing lifestyles involves regular physical exertion, a full night's rest, giving up bad habits.

    High hemoglobin in women

    An increase in hemoglobin level is fraught with no less serious health consequences than a decrease in it. Excess iron in the body is manifested in drowsiness, fatigue, difficulty urinating, the appearance of bright areas on the background of pale skin, enlarged liver, decreased vision, poor appetite or lack of it, the appearance of age spots.

    Such violations may indicate development:

    • erythrocytosis,
    • bone marrow abnormalities
    • hypertension
    • diabetes mellitus
    • intestinal obstruction
    • oncological diseases
    • heart pathologies
    • diseases of the respiratory system.

    A temporary increase in red blood cells is possible after blood transfusion. Also, a high level of red blood cells is inherent in people living in high-altitude areas or working at height - pilots, crane operators, climbers.

    Other non-specific causes of hemoglobin increase include smoking, dehydration due to diuretic drugs, burns, old age.

    Signs of changes in plasma hemoglobin in one direction or another often coincide. To determine the exact cause of violations requires a full medical examination.

    How to reduce hemoglobin in the blood?

    To normalize elevated red blood cell counts in plasma, doctors recommend taking blood thinning medications. The list of the most effective drugs is Curantil, Atecardol, Cardiomagnyl, Vazonit. Additionally, hepatoprotective preparations are used, as well as products containing zinc, calcium, phosphorus and manganese.

    In particularly difficult situations, physicians can use erythrophoresis or gastrotomy to remove excess red blood cells.

    Dietary food provides the use of products that suppress the absorption of iron - all types of dairy products, pasta and bakery products, cereals.

    The rate of hemoglobin in the blood during pregnancy

    Changes that occur in the body of the expectant mother are reflected in the hemoglobin level.First of all, the accumulation of fluid is characteristic of pregnancy, as a result of which a physiological dilution of blood and a decrease in the concentration of red blood cells occur.

    The normal level of hemoglobin in pregnant women is 110-155 g / l.

    Pathological decline in pregnant women is possible against the background of iron and folic acid deficiency. As the fetus grows, these substances are consumed first and foremost, and their growing shortage leads to anemia.

    Low levels of hemoglobin during pregnancy can adversely affect the development of the fetus, or provoke premature birth.

    Hemoglobin level in women with menstruation

    Even the smallest bleeding affects the level of iron in the body, reducing it and causing a feeling of drowsiness and weakness. This process is natural, because during menstruation the body loses a certain amount of blood, and its replacement occurs slowly.

    Moreover, the delay in menstruation can trigger a slowdown in the maturation of red blood cells and, as a result, a drop in blood viscosity. As a result, at the onset of the menstrual period, blood loss increases, further reducing hemoglobin values.

    If the discharge is too small, it may be a sign of an increase in the level of iron in the blood and an increase in its viscosity. Similar symptoms are characteristic of a number of diseases of the cardiovascular system and diabetes.

    The lack of iron in the blood, as well as its excess should not be ignored. The help of a doctor and a medical examination are the only correct way to find the causes of the pathology, and to eliminate it.